2nd Grade Vocabulary - The Complete Vocabulary List
abbreviation: 1. a shortened form of a name, phrase or word 2. the act of shortening something
aboard: 1. on a boat or any sort of vehicle, such as a train or plane 2. into a group; as a participant
absent: 1. not present in a certain time or location 2. non-existent 3. missing
acceleration: 1. an increase in speed or rate 2. the ability of something to go faster
accident: 1. an unforeseen event that causes harm, damage, injury or even death 2. a sudden and unplanned event
accompaniment: 1. something that accompanies something or someone else 2. music that accompanies a singer or the main tune
accomplish: 1. to carry something out; to finish something 2. to be successful in doing something 3. to complete or fulfill
affect: 1. to impact someone emotionally or mentally 2. to produce a change in
aid: 1. help; assistance 2. a person who helps someone or something 3. a helpful device
appendix: 1. additional material that is found at the end of a book, an essay or another written piece 2. added information
area: 1. a geographical region 2. part of a surface or space 3. a subject or field of study
author: 1. the creator of something 2. the person who writes a document 3. the person responsible for an action
authority: 1. power; the ability and right to control 2. the person or group that is in charge of a person, group or region 3. an expert on a specific subject 4. jurisdiction 5. official permission
aware: 1. cognizant; knowing 2. informed about something 3. conscious of something
benefit: 1. an advantage 2. a gift or payment from an employer to an employee 3. a payment from an insurance company or social welfare program 4. something intended to help 5. an event designed to raise money for someone or for a cause
capable: 1. able to do something 2. quite good at a certain task; skilled
capacity: 1. the ability to do something 2. the maximum number of things that a place or object can hold
chapter: 1. a section of a book or a written work 2. a branch of a society or group 3. a stage in a person's life
chart: 1. a drawing or illustration which displays information in an easy to understand way; a graph 2. a detailed map used for navigation of the sea or air
commission: 1. a fee or payment for goods or services rendered 2. a request to create a specific work for someone 3. a group which studies a certain issue
community: 1. a group of people living in the same area or region 2. a group of people who share common interests 3. the greater public
compassion: a feeling of deep sympathy and sorrow for the sufferings or misfortunes of others and a wish to help them
compromise: 1. a settlement of differences by mutual concessions 2. reduce the quality, value, or degree of something 3. endanger the interests or reputation of
conflict: 1. a fight or a disagreement between two or more parties 2. a struggle 3. an incompatibility
consider: to think carefully
constant: 1. unchanging 2. firm or resolute 3. persistent; continuing over a long period of time 4. loyal
construction: 1. the act or business of building things, especially structures
consume: 1. to eat 2. to use; to use up 3. to totally destroy
consumer: 1. a person who purchases goods or services
context: 1. the circumstances surrounding something 2. the words before and after something that help explain what it means 3. the circumstances or situation in which something happens, which help to explain it
contract: 1. to get smaller; to shrink 2. to make smaller 3. to hire someone to work under a contract 4. to get
contrast: 1. the act of finding differences between two or more things 2. a difference between two or more things
core: 1. the center of something 2. the most important or essential part of something
couple: 1. two people who are romantically involved 2. two similar or equal things
create: 1. to invent something; to develop something new 2. to cause or bring about
credit: 1. money that is given to someone with the understanding that it will be paid back with interest 2. recognition or praise
culture: 1. behaviors, beliefs, and standards that are shared between one large group of people or a society 2. art, such as music, literature, dance, theater, etc.
currency: 1. money; any other medium of exchange
cycle: 1. an extended period of time 2. a bi- or tri- cycle 3. a series of events which repeat over time
data: 1. information, facts or figures about a specific subject that is often used to make a decision 2. information used by a computer
decade: 1. a period of ten years 2. any series or group of ten
definition: 1. a clear outline of something 2. the meaning of a word or phrase
design: 1. a sketch or a plan that shows what something will be like when it is produced or constructed 2. a pattern or plan
display: 1. to show or present 2. to demonstrate 3. to reveal
diversity: 1. difference or variety 2. the state of having people from different races and cultures gathered together in one space or organization
document: 1. to record something on paper or in digital format 2. to provide written evidence
draft: 1. the first draft or copy of something 2. a sketch 3. a rush of air through a building or space
drama: 1. a play that is performed in a theater, on television or on the radio 2. a literary work that deals with a serious subject 3. the art of performing
economy: 1. the money and production of goods and services of a specific political region 2. thriftiness or careful management when spending money
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edit: 1. to revise a document and change whatever errors one sees 2. to produce a book or document by gathering different works together
emphasis: 1. the importance that is specifically placed on something 2. stress
energy: 1. the effort or power needed to do something 2. heat, electricity, light or the resources used to produce power
environment: 1. all of the conditions and circumstances that surround a specific person, animal or thing 2. the surroundings
equation: 1. a math problem 2. the act of considering one thing to be the same as another
erosion: 1. the gradual corroding or eating away of a subject 2. deterioration
estimate: 1. to make a guess or calculate the amount or value of something 2. to judge
evaluate: 1. to judge 2. to closely examine something before determining its value
evidence: 1. material that shows someone is innocent or guilty of something 2. material that proves something
expansion: 1. growth 2. the act or process of getting larger 3. an increase in size or number
faction: 1. a small group within a larger group, usually contentious minority within a larger group 2. conflict within an organization or nation; internal dissension
feature: 1. a part or aspect of something 2. a quality
flexibility: 1. the ability or willingness to make changes 2. easily bent 3. adaptability
focus: 1. the center point of something 2. the center of attention 3. the main point
formula: 1. a fixed or standard way of doing something 2. mathematical symbols that express a rule or a fact
function: 1. a duty or an activity that one must perform 2. a formal event 3. a purpose
generation: 1. a group of people in a society or in a family that were born in the same general age 2. a period of around thirty years in which people are born, grow up, and have babies of their own
genre: 1. a category or class 2. a specific style used in works of art that share common features
globe: 1. a spherical shape; a ball 2. a map of the world which is printed on a sphere 3. the earth
grade: 1. a level or rank 2. a number or letter that indicates the quality of something
grant: 1. to give something to someone 2. to allow someone to have something 3. to bestow
gravity: 1. the force that pulls matter toward a center of attraction; the force that pulls matter to the ground 2. seriousness or solemnity
hypothesis: an unproved theory, proposition, supposition, etc. that is made on the basis of limited evidence and not proven but that leads to further study, discussion, or investigation, etc.
identify: 1. to discover 2. to equate 3. to recognize a person or a problem
immigration: 1. the act of moving into a new country in order to live there
impact: 1. a collision; the moment when two or more bodies hit 2. the effect that an event has on a person; an influence
incentive: 1. something that motivates people to do something or take action 2. a reward or the threat of punishment that inspires people to act
income: 1. money that one receives in exchange for one's work or smart investing 2. revenue 3. a company's profits
index: 1. an alphabetical list showing all that is included in a book or a larger document 2. an alphabetical list of the documents in a collection 3. an indication
individual: 1. a single human being 2. a person
innovation: 1. the use of something new; a change to a particular process
interpretation: 1. explanation 2. definition 3. the act of orally translating from one language to another
investigate: 1. to thoroughly examine something 2. to explore a topic in order to learn the truth about it 3. to try to get information about something
investigation: 1. research or inquiry 2. the act of trying to find information about something in order to better understand it
irony: a method of humorous or subtly sarcastic expression in which the intended meaning of the words is different from and often opposite to their literal meaning
journal: 1. a newspaper or magazine 2. a magazine that contains articles about a specific subject 3. a written record of the day 4. a logbook
justify: 1. to explain or defend one's position or reasoning 2. to adjust one's text so that the right and left edges of a document are equal 3. to prove something to be correct
label: 1. a piece of material on an object that gives information about the object 2. a name or phrase assigned to a person to classify them, often in an unfair manner 3. a company that produces music
legend: 1. the part of a map or a chart where each symbol or color are explained 2. a story that has been told over generations that may or may not be true; myth
location: 1. the place where someone or something can be found 2. place
margin: 1. a border or edge 2. the difference between the cost of production of a good and the amount at which it is sold
medium: 1. a way of expressing something, such as photography or print 2. something in a middle position 3. surrounding objects; environment
method: 1. a way of doing something 2. an approach 3. a technique
migration: 1. the movement of people or animals from one reason to another, based on a variety of different reasons
minute: extremely small
mode: 1. a fashion 2. a way of doing something or performing a task
monitor: 1. to watch someone or something 2. to check on something or someone in order to detect changes 3. to supervise
motive: 1. one of the reasons behind someone's behavior 2. something that inspires someone to behave in a certain way 3. a motif
negative: 1. pessimistic 2. harmful or bad 3. expressing or showing "no" 4. expressing disapproval
norm: 1. a rule or standard 2. a pattern or something that is expected 3. a model
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novel: 1. new 2. different from anything that has previously existed 3. surprisingly new or unusual
objective: 1. fair and impartial 2. unbiased 3. based on facts and not affected by feelings 4. actual
odd: 1. unable to be divided by two 2. strange or uncommon 3. unexpected
orientation: 1. the act of finding or determining one's position 2. a person or group's interests or beliefs 3. training for a job
outcome: 1. the result or consequence 2. the effect
paragraph: 1. a portion of a text that centers around one specific idea
parallel: 1. not intersecting 2. occurring at the same time 3. extending in the same direction
pedantic: 1. giving too much importance to formal rules or small details 2. making an excessive display of one's own learning
percent: 1. out of one hundred 2. a part of one hundred
period: 1. an interval or length of time 2. a full stop
perspective: 1. a vista or view 2. a way of looking at or examining something 3. an outlook
plastic: (of substances or materials) capable of being molded or shaped
positive: 1. extremely certain, without any doubt 2. more than zero 3. hopeful or giving reasons to be so
precinct: 1. a division of a city for policing or political reasons 2. a specific area which is enclosed or limited, most often by walls
predict: 1. to say that something is going to happen before it actually does 2. to foretell 3. to announce in advance
process: 1. a series of happenings or actions that lead to a specific result 2. a naturally occurring series of changes
professional: 1. relating to or suitable for a specific profession 2. performing an activity to earn money instead of to relax or have fun 3. possessing the necessary qualities
publish: 1. to make a document available in digital or print format 2. to make something public or known
quotation: 1. specific words that have been directly taken from a certain source 2. the act of using someone else's words
region: 1. a specific part of the world; a large area of land where the people or land possesses similar characteristics 2. a district 3. a part of the body
remove: 1. to get rid of 2. to take away 3. to take off 4. to send away
research: 1. to investigate 2. to make inquiries in order to find out information 3. to carefully study something in order to find out new information
resolution: 1. a decision that is made by a group through a voting process 2. a personal promise to oneself 3. a formal statement of intent or opinion
resource: 1. material used to do or make something 2. a supply of something that can be used when required 3. a country's tools for generating wealth
revenue: 1. income 2. money that an organization, government or company receives from different sources
revise: 1. to check something and make changes to make sure that it is acceptable 2. to change or amend 3. to alter
revolution: 1. a huge change in something, such as a political organization or country 2. the circular movement around a certain celestial body 3. a complete cycle 4. a very important change in the way people act
role: 1. the part that a performer in theater acts out 2. one's proper function in society 3. a person's function
scale: 1. to climb a surface that is steep 2. to set something according to a scale or measure something by a scale 3. to remove something in layers or scales
section: 1. a piece of something 2. a part of a whole object 3. a smaller part of a book or a newspaper
select: 1. preferred 2. of a special value or importance 3. exclusive 4. discriminating 5. only the best
sequence: 1. the order or pattern in which things happen or take place 2. a set of things that is put in a specific order
shift: 1. a slight change in something 2. a change 3. a period of approximately eight hours during which workers perform their jobs
shrewd: having or showing sharp powers to understand things and to make good judgments in practical affairs; astute
simile: (the use of) a phrase that describes something by comparing it to something else, always including the words 'as' or 'like'
site: 1. a place where something can be found or where something is located
slight: 1. small in size, degree, or amount 2. treat with disrespect or indifference; treat as unimportant
source: 1. the place in which something originates or which someone comes from 2. a point or place of origin 3. a person who provides information
sphere: 1. a globe; a ball shaped object 2. an area of knowledge, study or expertise
stable: 1. constant 2. unwavering 3. strongly fixed 4. firmly established
stress: 1. the pressure exerted on a physical object 2. emotional stress or anxiety caused by a difficult situation 3. emphasis placed on something
structure: 1. a free-standing building made from different parts 2. the way in which something is organized 3. the quality of being organized
style: 1. a way of doing or expressing something 2. fashion 3. quality or attractiveness in design
sum: 1. the total of a calculation 2. an amount of money 3. the total amount of something in existence
summary: 1. an explanation of something giving the main points or ideas of the original document or argument 2. a recapitulation
survey: 1. a poll used to measure public opinion or the incidence of something in a society 2. an examination of a subject or a situation 3. a careful examination of land in order to map it
symbol: 1. a sign 2. a shape, object or picture which is used to represent something 3. something used to represent or show an idea
task: 1. to assign a job to someone 2. to place a burden on someone
team: 1. a group of people that work toward a common goal 2. two or more animals that work together to pull something
technology: 1. the use of scientific knowledge for practical purposes, with special reference to its use in industry 2. applied sciences
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tenacious: 1. holding firmly 2. that clings; adhesive; sticky 3. holding together firmly; cohesive 4. very determined to do something; persistent; stubborn
tense: 1. tight 2. pulled to its limit 3. nervous or stressed 4. rigid
text: 1. a piece of writing such as a book 2. all the words that were said in a speech 3. written words
theme: 1. the topic or subject discussed in a book, essay, conversation, debate, etc. 2. a subject that is brought up frequently 3. the style upon which something is based
tradition: 1. heritage 2. behavior and customs that are passed from one generation to the next 3. an old custom
trend: 1. the general direction in which something is moving or the way people are behaving 2. a fashion 3. a tendency
unique: 1. special 2. being the only one of its kind 3. unparalleled 4. extraordinary
valid: 1. sound 2. binding 3. well-grounded 4. effective 5. possessing legal force
volume: 1. the amount of space taken up by something 2. an amount of something 3. the sound level
welfare: 1. the well-being of a person or people 2. financial aid from a government to a person in need
zeal: great energy, effort, and enthusiasm, as in working for a person, cause, or object
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English Grammar Exercise Tips
The following simple English grammar tips and tricks will help you to learn and memorize English grammar rules and speak correctly. If you are on this site for English grammar practice, these tips will really help you. Let's start.
Invest your time in learning
It surely takes some time to learn English. There is no shortcut way to learn it. Some websites may say that they will teach you English in seven days or one month. These are false offers. Invest some time in learning and practicing. Your English skills will surely improve.
Speak, speak, and speak!
Try to speak English the same way you write it. Do not worry about grammatical mistakes. The more you practice, the less mistakes you will make and the more fluent you will be. So, practice daily and do not be afraid of grammatical errors.
Slow down your speaking speed
Your confidence will go down if you try to speak fluently from the very beginning. Give yourself some time. Start with slow speaking speed and increase your speed over time as you make more progress day by day. Slowing down speaking speed has another benefit — you will get enough time to make sentences in your mind before you speak.
The more you practice speaking, the more confident you will be.
Use Mobile apps
Luckily, there are many English learning apps available. Some are free and some are paid apps. If you are a smartphone user, you should install some of these apps in your mobile phone. You can at least install one app and start practicing. A mobile app is a very handy and useful thing to learn at your convenient time. You can start with free apps.
Install and use a dictionary app in your mobile
There are several free dictionary apps that will help you to learn proper pronunciation and new words. It is highly possible that your smartphone already has a dictionary installed. Use it or install a better one.
Try to get a good bilingual dictionary for better understanding. Besides using a mobile app, you can buy and use a good bilingual dictionary. A good bilingual dictionary is always a good investment for personal improvement.
Learn English idioms and phrasal verbs
Idioms and phrasal verbs are very common in everyday English conversation. If you do not know them, you may fail to understand the correct meaning of what the other person is saying. So, do not ignore them. Try to learn the most common English idioms and phrasal verbs.
Listen to news bulletins
Almost every radio and television channel broadcasts news bulletins. If you have a smartphone, radio or television, you can listen to these English news bulletins. Besides learning the correct pronunciation, you can learn correct English. Listening to these bulletins will also improve your fluency. This is a common technique used by English learners.
Read out loud
How does your English sound? The pronunciation style of some people is very bad. But there is a simple and easy way to fix improve pronunciation. Take a newspaper or any other script written in English and read out loud. This way you can hear and test your own pronunciation. If you are not happy with your own pronunciation, keep practicing and your English pronunciation will surely improve.
Learn new words daily
The more words you learn, the better you can understand English and express yourself. You may be surprised to know that learning only the basic words can help you to speak English that is used in communication everyday.
Besides learning common words, try learning common sentences used in everyday English communication. This will give you a huge boost in your learning efforts.
Write every day
When you write, do not be shy of your mistakes. Try to write at least a few paragraphs, ideally at least one page. It is a great practice to use your newly learned words and practice grammar. This will also improve your writing skills.
Watch English movies
These movies will help you to learn proper pronunciation and improve your understanding of English. When you see how native English speakers speak English, your mind will automatically start copying the style. You can try to speak like them at home to understand the quality of your pronunciation and fluency.
There are several websites where you can find people who are native English speakers and want to help your learn English if you teach them your language. This is free and can be a great way to learn from native speakers. Many learners are using this method and you should give a try.
Go to a mentor
A mentor can help you to guide in the right direction. She can measure your progress and suggest whatever you need to improve. You can regularly discuss about your improvement and weakness with your mentor. Oftentimes, she can help you. Your mentor can be someone who is good at English. She can be your school / college / university teacher, your friend or any person good at English.
Try to correct your mistakes
It is common to make mistakes. Every time you make a mistake, write it in a separate piece of paper. Make a list of mistakes. Check your mistakes from time to time and try not to make these mistakes again when you practice. These mistakes are clear and good indications of your weakness in English.
Give yourself time to think
Whenever you make a mistake, you should think how you can avoid this mistake from next time. Take time and assess your progress and weakness.
Be an advance learner
Try to learn advance English grammatical rules and vocabulary. Never be happy with your progress. The more you learn and practice, the better English skills you achieve.
Start with "Tense"
There are mainly three types of tense - past, present and future. Usually, verbs indicate the correct form of each tense. Besides learning tense, you should memorize some verbs too. Do not worry. It is interesting and easy to learn the necessary verbs.
Learn common pronoun usage
Do you know the difference between the common subject pronouns and object pronouns such as I/me, we/us, he/him, she/her, they/them?
We use subject pronouns such as I, we, he she, they when the subject is doing an action. Usually, we use subject pronouns at the beginning of a sentence. Example: I cannot remember the story.
But we do not start a sentence with object pronouns such as me, us, him, her, them. Example: Call him.
Active voice and passive voice
Many English learning students get confused here. In active voice, the subject performs an action. In passive voice, the subject and the object of a sentence swap to form the correct sentence.
Incorrect: The cinema was gone to by me.
Correct: The cinema was enjoyed by me.
A preposition defines the relationship between an object and its surroundings. Without the proper use of prepositions, your English will sound weird. Luckily, there are only a handful of prepositions and these are easy to learn.
English Vocabulary Exercise Tips
Learning new words can be a matter of fun but you need to follow some effective methods to learn new words faster. Read them all in the list below.
Read, read, and read
You will find many new words that you need to learn in novels and literary works. You will be most benefited if you read classic literary books. You should also read magazines and newspapers because these are also good sources of new words that you need to learn. These sources often use high quality English that often contain both common and advance words.
In the bookshops, you will find vocabulary wordbooks that range from beginner to advance levels. You can buy one or more depending on your requirements. These books make it a lot easier to learn because these books come with a complete list of words that is suitable for your level.
Use a journal
During your learning time, you will surely find new words. Add them in your journal. This list will slowly grow. But this journal will help you to measure your progress and show where you need to improve. The journal can inspire you to learn more and faster if you find that you are going slow.
Learn some new words everyday
It is easier and more realistic to digest some new words everyday. If you are determined to learn some new words everyday, you will be surprised and happy to see your progress after a month. The progress will surely motivate you to keep using this learning method.
Using flashcards is a common way to learn new words. You maybe know that you can buy flashcards from bookshops. Some learners find it easier to learn new words with flashcards. You should give a try too.
Set a target
Set a target that is achievable and realistic. Whatever happens, try to achieve your target at any cost.
Look up new words
Have you found a new word? Get in the habit of looking up words you do not know and immediately do this. If you leave it for later, you may completely forget about it and miss the chance to learn it. A quick way is to look the words in the dictionary installed or available in your smartphone. Another alternative is — look up the word on a search engine like Google.com and you will find the meaning of your desired word in several high quality websites.
Play some word games
If you search online, you can find several word learning games. Some of these games are developed in such a fun and entertaining way that you will not get bored even if you use them hours after hours. These games are not hard to find out. Vocabulary learners usually learn using crossword puzzles, anagrams, word jumble, Scrabble, and Boggle. You can try one of them or all of them.
Use your newly learned words
Take a piece of paper and make one or more sentences for every word you just learned. This way every word will be more memorable. It can take some time but it definitely has its benefits.
Engage in conversations
When you engage in conversation, use your newly learned vocabulary. It can be interesting because the other person will be surprised to see your improved vocabulary power / skills. Besides, you will be able to express / communicate in a better way.
Take vocabulary tests
There are several websites that give you free access to their website so that you can test your vocabulary. This website also helps you to test your SAT vocabulary, GRE vocabulary, IELTS vocabulary, TOEFL vocabulary, ACT vocabulary, TOEIC vocabulary, GMAT vocabulary, PTE vocabulary, ECPE vocabulary, MELAB vocabulary, MCAT vocabulary, and PCAT vocabulary.