Junior/11th Grade vocabulary practice test 4 of 108 Vocabulary Workshop
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Question 1 of 10: What is the meaning of "principle"?
2. Junior/11th Grade Vocabulary: What is the meaning of "ruse"?
(a) 1. a beautiful flower that has a thorny stem and is most often found in pink, red, or yellow
(b) 1. a trick with is used with the intent of confusing or deceiving someone 2. a plan used to hide one's own intentions
(c) 1. a person who currently lives in Russia 2. a person who was born in Russia
(d) 1. the person who inspires an artist to produce his or her work 2. the model an artist uses for their work
3. Junior/11th Grade Vocabulary: What is the meaning of "stratagem"?
(a) 1. a belief in a higher being or deity 2. a religious belief 3. an opinion based on one's religious beliefs
(b) 1. a strongly held idea about a certain political issue 2. an unwaivering opinion
(c) 1. a military plan designed to surprise or trick the enemy 2. a clever and deceptive scheme for achieving a specific goal
(d) 1. a plan to return control of a place or organization to its original owner 2. a plan for recovery
4. Junior/11th Grade Vocabulary: What is the meaning of "heresy"?
(a) 1. a belief or opinion that is changed by the orthodox doctrines of a particular (especially Christian) religion and is considered wrong 2. any belief or theory (in politics, philosophy, science, etc.) that changes established beliefs, customs, etc.
(b) 1. a belief or opinion that is against the orthodox doctrines of a particular (especially Christian) religion and is considered wrong 2. any belief or theory (in politics, philosophy, science, etc.) that is opposed to established beliefs, customs, etc.
(c) 1. a belief or opinion that is accepted by the orthodox doctrines of a particular (especially Christian) religion and is considered correct 2. any belief or theory (in politics, philosophy, science, etc.) that supports established beliefs, customs, etc.
(d) 1. a belief or opinion that is refused by the orthodox doctrines of a particular (especially Christian) religion and is considered correct 2. any belief or theory (in politics, philosophy, science, etc.) that is according to established beliefs, customs,
5. Junior/11th Grade Vocabulary: What is the meaning of "statistics"?
(a) 1. a change or edit made in response to a prompt 2. a shift
(b) 1. a person's specific record about something 2. a pattern
(c) 1. a way of acting in response to data 2. one's response
(d) 1. a field of study that collects and analyzes data 2. the data collected and what it means
6. Junior/11th Grade Vocabulary: What is the meaning of "mettle"?
(a) 1. a circular piece of medal on a piece of ribbon or string which is awarded to a person who wins a competition
(b) 1. a small thorned bush which grows close to the ground 2. a prickly weed
(c) 1. resilience; stamina 2. fortitude and courage 3. the ability to deal with situations that are considered difficult 4. temperament
(d) 1. a recipient which is used to heat up water to prepare tea or other hot beverages 2. a teapot
7. Junior/11th Grade Vocabulary: What is the meaning of "precept"?
(a) 1. a command or rule which indicates what proper behavior is 2. a standard of conduct 3. a warrant
(b) 1. a feeling that something good is going to happen 2. to foretell a positive event
(c) 1. any form of water which falls from clouds towards the ground 2. rain, snow, sleet or hail
(d) 1. a political division of a city from which a council member is elected 2. a subdivision of a city
8. Junior/11th Grade Vocabulary: What is the meaning of "formula"?
(a) 1. a companion 2. someone or something that provides friendship or companionship for someone
(b) 1. a fixed or standard way of doing something 2. mathematical symbols that express a rule or a fact
(c) 1. a small body of water 2. a place where water accumulates 3. a space where water gathers when it rains
(d) 1. a statement about the general state of a country or organization 2. a declaration about the accounts of a company
9. Junior/11th Grade Vocabulary: What is the meaning of "debacle"?
(a) 1. a complete story or novel, often in a traditional way 2. a sudden, strange accident, problem, or rejection
(b) 1. a complete victory or success, often in an encouraging way 2. a sudden, lucky opportunity, job, or promotion
(c) 1. a complete collapse or failure, often in an embarrassing way 2. a sudden, disastrous collapse, downfall, or defeat
(d) 1. a complete insult or failure, often in an embarrassing way 2. a sudden, unlucky insult, disrespect, or frustration
10. Junior/11th Grade Vocabulary: What is the meaning of "barrage"?
(a) 1. a concentrated chemical solution to prepare ancient herbal medicines 2. an artificial pipe across a river or estuary to increase the flow of the water, prevent fishing, facilitate boating, etc.
(b) 1. a concentrated chemical solution to prepare medicine to save animals from extinction 2. an artificial barrier across a river or estuary to release of the water, prevent fishing, facilitate boating, etc.
(c) 1. a concentrated chemical solution to prepare cheap medicines that are not effective 2. an artificial pipe across a river or estuary to increase the depth of the water, prevent flooding, facilitate irrigation, etc.
(d) 1. a concentrated artillery bombardment to protect one's own advancing or retreating or to stop the advance of enemy troops 2. an artificial barrier across a river or estuary to increase the depth of the water, prevent flooding, facilitate irrigation, etc
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English Grammar Exercise Tips
The following simple English grammar tips and tricks will help you to learn and memorize English grammar rules and speak correctly. If you are on this site for English grammar practice, these tips will really help you. Let's start.
Invest your time in learning
It surely takes some time to learn English. There is no shortcut way to learn it. Some websites may say that they will teach you English in seven days or one month. These are false offers. Invest some time in learning and practicing. Your English skills will surely improve.
Speak, speak, and speak!
Try to speak English the same way you write it. Do not worry about grammatical mistakes. The more you practice, the less mistakes you will make and the more fluent you will be. So, practice daily and do not be afraid of grammatical errors.
Slow down your speaking speed
Your confidence will go down if you try to speak fluently from the very beginning. Give yourself some time. Start with slow speaking speed and increase your speed over time as you make more progress day by day. Slowing down speaking speed has another benefit — you will get enough time to make sentences in your mind before you speak.
The more you practice speaking, the more confident you will be.
Use Mobile apps
Luckily, there are many English learning apps available. Some are free and some are paid apps. If you are a smartphone user, you should install some of these apps in your mobile phone. You can at least install one app and start practicing. A mobile app is a very handy and useful thing to learn at your convenient time. You can start with free apps.
Install and use a dictionary app in your mobile
There are several free dictionary apps that will help you to learn proper pronunciation and new words. It is highly possible that your smartphone already has a dictionary installed. Use it or install a better one.
Try to get a good bilingual dictionary for better understanding. Besides using a mobile app, you can buy and use a good bilingual dictionary. A good bilingual dictionary is always a good investment for personal improvement.
Learn English idioms and phrasal verbs
Idioms and phrasal verbs are very common in everyday English conversation. If you do not know them, you may fail to understand the correct meaning of what the other person is saying. So, do not ignore them. Try to learn the most common English idioms and phrasal verbs.
Listen to news bulletins
Almost every radio and television channel broadcasts news bulletins. If you have a smartphone, radio or television, you can listen to these English news bulletins. Besides learning the correct pronunciation, you can learn correct English. Listening to these bulletins will also improve your fluency. This is a common technique used by English learners.
Read out loud
How does your English sound? The pronunciation style of some people is very bad. But there is a simple and easy way to fix improve pronunciation. Take a newspaper or any other script written in English and read out loud. This way you can hear and test your own pronunciation. If you are not happy with your own pronunciation, keep practicing and your English pronunciation will surely improve.
Learn new words daily
The more words you learn, the better you can understand English and express yourself. You may be surprised to know that learning only the basic words can help you to speak English that is used in communication everyday.
Besides learning common words, try learning common sentences used in everyday English communication. This will give you a huge boost in your learning efforts.
Write every day
When you write, do not be shy of your mistakes. Try to write at least a few paragraphs, ideally at least one page. It is a great practice to use your newly learned words and practice grammar. This will also improve your writing skills.
Watch English movies
These movies will help you to learn proper pronunciation and improve your understanding of English. When you see how native English speakers speak English, your mind will automatically start copying the style. You can try to speak like them at home to understand the quality of your pronunciation and fluency.
There are several websites where you can find people who are native English speakers and want to help your learn English if you teach them your language. This is free and can be a great way to learn from native speakers. Many learners are using this method and you should give a try.
Go to a mentor
A mentor can help you to guide in the right direction. She can measure your progress and suggest whatever you need to improve. You can regularly discuss about your improvement and weakness with your mentor. Oftentimes, she can help you. Your mentor can be someone who is good at English. She can be your school / college / university teacher, your friend or any person good at English.
Try to correct your mistakes
It is common to make mistakes. Every time you make a mistake, write it in a separate piece of paper. Make a list of mistakes. Check your mistakes from time to time and try not to make these mistakes again when you practice. These mistakes are clear and good indications of your weakness in English.
Give yourself time to think
Whenever you make a mistake, you should think how you can avoid this mistake from next time. Take time and assess your progress and weakness.
Be an advance learner
Try to learn advance English grammatical rules and vocabulary. Never be happy with your progress. The more you learn and practice, the better English skills you achieve.
Start with "Tense"
There are mainly three types of tense - past, present and future. Usually, verbs indicate the correct form of each tense. Besides learning tense, you should memorize some verbs too. Do not worry. It is interesting and easy to learn the necessary verbs.
Learn common pronoun usage
Do you know the difference between the common subject pronouns and object pronouns such as I/me, we/us, he/him, she/her, they/them?
We use subject pronouns such as I, we, he she, they when the subject is doing an action. Usually, we use subject pronouns at the beginning of a sentence. Example: I cannot remember the story.
But we do not start a sentence with object pronouns such as me, us, him, her, them. Example: Call him.
Active voice and passive voice
Many English learning students get confused here. In active voice, the subject performs an action. In passive voice, the subject and the object of a sentence swap to form the correct sentence.
Incorrect: The cinema was gone to by me.
Correct: The cinema was enjoyed by me.
A preposition defines the relationship between an object and its surroundings. Without the proper use of prepositions, your English will sound weird. Luckily, there are only a handful of prepositions and these are easy to learn.
English Vocabulary Exercise Tips
Learning new words can be a matter of fun but you need to follow some effective methods to learn new words faster. Read them all in the list below.
Read, read, and read
You will find many new words that you need to learn in novels and literary works. You will be most benefited if you read classic literary books. You should also read magazines and newspapers because these are also good sources of new words that you need to learn. These sources often use high quality English that often contain both common and advance words.
In the bookshops, you will find vocabulary wordbooks that range from beginner to advance levels. You can buy one or more depending on your requirements. These books make it a lot easier to learn because these books come with a complete list of words that is suitable for your level.
Use a journal
During your learning time, you will surely find new words. Add them in your journal. This list will slowly grow. But this journal will help you to measure your progress and show where you need to improve. The journal can inspire you to learn more and faster if you find that you are going slow.
Learn some new words everyday
It is easier and more realistic to digest some new words everyday. If you are determined to learn some new words everyday, you will be surprised and happy to see your progress after a month. The progress will surely motivate you to keep using this learning method.
Using flashcards is a common way to learn new words. You maybe know that you can buy flashcards from bookshops. Some learners find it easier to learn new words with flashcards. You should give a try too.
Set a target
Set a target that is achievable and realistic. Whatever happens, try to achieve your target at any cost.
Look up new words
Have you found a new word? Get in the habit of looking up words you do not know and immediately do this. If you leave it for later, you may completely forget about it and miss the chance to learn it. A quick way is to look the words in the dictionary installed or available in your smartphone. Another alternative is — look up the word on a search engine like Google.com and you will find the meaning of your desired word in several high quality websites.
Play some word games
If you search online, you can find several word learning games. Some of these games are developed in such a fun and entertaining way that you will not get bored even if you use them hours after hours. These games are not hard to find out. Vocabulary learners usually learn using crossword puzzles, anagrams, word jumble, Scrabble, and Boggle. You can try one of them or all of them.
Use your newly learned words
Take a piece of paper and make one or more sentences for every word you just learned. This way every word will be more memorable. It can take some time but it definitely has its benefits.
Engage in conversations
When you engage in conversation, use your newly learned vocabulary. It can be interesting because the other person will be surprised to see your improved vocabulary power / skills. Besides, you will be able to express / communicate in a better way.
Take vocabulary tests
There are several websites that give you free access to their website so that you can test your vocabulary. This website also helps you to test your SAT vocabulary, GRE vocabulary, IELTS vocabulary, TOEFL vocabulary, ACT vocabulary, TOEIC vocabulary, GMAT vocabulary, PTE vocabulary, ECPE vocabulary, MELAB vocabulary, MCAT vocabulary, and PCAT vocabulary.