Grammar test 4 of 82: Adjectives English Grammar in Use / A Practical English Grammar

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Question 1 of 10: My mom has always been quick _________ other people.

Very Good! Correct.

Sorry, Incorrect.

Correct answer: to judge

Explanation: "Subject + BE + adjective/participle + infinitive" can be used with: ABLE/UNABLE; APT, INCLINED, LIABLE; PREPARED/NOT PREPARED, READY, WILLING/UNWILLING, RELUCTANT; PROMPT, QUICK, SLOW: "I'm not ready to forgive him." "She was quick to judge others."

2. english exercises / grammar test / learn english grammar/ english online: Which sentence is NOT correct?

(a) Are you ashamed to speaking to boys?

(b) Don't be ashamed to ask for help.

(c) He was ashamed that he failed the exam.

(d) The girl was ashamed of her worn clothes.

Answer: A

Grammar rules: AFRAID (OF) / ASHAMED (OF) / SORRY (FOR or ABOUT)

- with a noun/pronoun or gerund:
"She's afraid of crowds / public speaking."
"You should be ashamed of your behavior / behaving like that."
"I'm sorry for my outburst / yelling at you."
"I'm sorry about your car."

- with an infinitive:
"They were afraid to fly."
"Don't be ashamed to ask for help."
"I'm sorry to say that we can't hire you."

- with a THAT-clause:
"He's afraid that you won't listen to him."
"I'm ashamed that I don't have any gift."
"I'm sorry that you had to hear this."

3. english exercises / grammar test / learn english grammar/ english online: Aren’t you embarrassed __________ seen with me?

(a) to were

(b) to is

(c) to be

(d) to are

Answer: C

Grammar rules: "Subject + BE + adjective/participle + infinitive" can be used with adjectives and participles that show reactions or feelings, too:

- adjectives: ANGRY, DELIGHTED, DISMAYED, GLAD, HAPPY, PLEASED, RELIEVED, SAD, SORRY;

- past participles of: ALARM, AMUSE, ANNOY, AMAZE, ASTONISH, BEWILDER, DISAPPOINT, DISGUST, EMBARRASS, EXCITE, FRIGHTEN, HORRIFY, INTEREST, SURPRISE, UPSET.

"I'm sorry to inform you that you failed your exam."
"She was excited to go to Paris."

The infinitives that are often used here are TO FIND/LEARN/HEAR/SEE.

GLAD/HAPPY/SAD/SORRY are frequently followed by TO SAY/TELL/INFORM, but other infinitives can be used, too.

4. english exercises / grammar test / learn english grammar/ english online: It's unsafe _________ casual sex without condoms.

(a) to have

(b) had

(c) to having

(d) having

Answer: A

Grammar rules: "IT + BE + adjective + (FOR + object) + infinitive" can be used with: CONVENIENT, DANGEROUS, DIFFICULT, EASY, HARD, POSSIBLE, IMPOSSIBLE, SAFE, UNSAFE.

"Is it possible to live entirely without sleep?"
"It would be dangerous for you to meet him alone."

All of the above adjectives, with the exception of POSSIBLE, can be also used in the "noun + BE + adjective + infinitive" construction:

"The lecture was easy to follow."
"This book is hard to find."

5. english exercises / grammar test / learn english grammar/ english online: It's fun __________ the day in the sun.

(a) spend

(b) to spend

(c) to spent

(d) spent

Answer: B

Grammar rules: "IT + BE + adjective/participle + infinitive" can be used with adjectives and participles that show reactions or feelings:

- adjectives: AWFUL, DELIGHTFUL, DREADFUL, GOOD/NICE (=pleasant), HORRIBLE, LOVELY, MARVELOUS, SPLENDID, STRANGE, TERRIBLE, WONDERFUL, etc.:
"It's strange to think of him as a murderer."

- present participles of: ALARM, AMUSE, ANNOY, AMAZE, ASTONISH, BEWILDER, BORE, DEPRESS, DISAPPOINT, DISCOURAGE, DISGUST, EMBARRASS, ENCOURAGE, EXCITE, FRIGHTEN, HORRIFY, INTEREST, SURPRISE, UPSET, etc.:
"It was interesting to see the pyramids."

- FUN and A RELIEF can be used in a similar way:
"It was fun/a relief to leave the house for a bit."

For some adjectives, such as LOVELY, INTERESTING, MARVELOUS, NICE, WONDERFUL, etc., it's possible to add FOR + object:
"It was lovely for us to go out without children for once."

"IT + BE + adjective/participle + noun + infinitive" is also possible with the above adjectives/participles:
"It was a horrible thing to say."

6. english exercises / grammar test / learn english grammar/ english online: Which sentence is grammatically correct?

(a) The uncomfortable bench grew after an hour.

(b) The bench uncomfortable grew after an hour.

(c) The bench grew uncomfortable after an hour.

(d) Uncomfortable the bench grew after an hour.

Answer: C

Grammar rules: Adjectives of quality, unlike all the other types of adjectives, have two possible positions in a sentence:

1. BEFORE the NOUN they modify (in this position, they are called attributive adjectives): "a tiny kitten," "a fast car."

2. AFTER a VERB such as:
a) be, become, seem: "She was happy," "You seem angry."
b) appear, feel, get/grow (=become), keep, look (=appear), make, smell, sound, taste, turn: "The water tastes funny," "I feel sick."
(In this position, adjectives are called predicative adjectives, and the verbs used in this way are called link verbs or copulas.)

7. english exercises / grammar test / learn english grammar/ english online: Which sentence is grammatically correct?

(a) The prisoners sat in darkness that was utter.

(b) The prisoners sat utter in darkness.

(c) The prisoners sat in darkness utter.

(d) The prisoners sat in utter darkness.

Answer: D

Grammar rules: Some adjectives of quality have only one possible position in a sentence - that is, can be used only attributively or only predicatively.

Adjectives that have to come before their nouns: chief, main, principal, sheer, utter.

Adjectives that have to follow the verb: afraid, upset, adrift, afloat, alike, alive, alone, ashamed, asleep.

8. english exercises / grammar test / learn english grammar/ english online: Which sentence is grammatically correct?

(a) The teacher ashamed made the boys after they cheated on the test.

(b) The teacher made ashamed the boys after they cheated on the test.

(c) The teacher made the boys ashamed after they cheated on the test.

(d) The teacher made the ashamed boys after they cheated on the test.

Answer: C

Grammar rules: Some adjectives of quality have only one possible position in a sentence - that is, can be used only attributively or only predicatively.

Adjectives that have to come before their nouns: chief, main, principal, sheer, utter.

Adjectives that have to follow the verb: afraid, upset, adrift, afloat, alike, alive, alone, ashamed, asleep.

9. english exercises / grammar test / learn english grammar/ english online: Which sentence is NOT correct?

(a) You should eat a lot of fruit every day.

(b) You should eat a good many fruit every day.

(c) You should eat as much fruit as you can every day.

(d) You should eat a good deal of fruit every day.

Answer: B

Grammar rules: MANY and MUCH can be freely used with negative verbs.
When used with affirmative verbs, they should be preceded by modifiers - A GOOD/A GREAT for MANY, or SO/AS/TOO for both:
"I brought a good/a great many books with me."
"You've had so/too much cake already."

When it's not modified, MANY - as object or part of an object - is often replaced by A LOT/LOTS OF + noun (or a pronoun A LOT/LOTS).
MUCH, in the same situation, is replaced by A GREAT/GOOD DEAL OF + noun (or A GREAT/GOOD DEAL).
"We have a lot/lots of books here."
"They bought a great deal of coffee."

Either MANY or A LOT (OF) can be used as a subject or part of a subject, but MUCH is typically replaced by other forms, except for formal English.
"Many students brought their families to graduation."
"A great deal of wine was drunk."
"Much will depend on the results of the tests."

10. english exercises / grammar test / learn english grammar/ english online: The fact that you're a year _______ than your sister doesn't mean you can order her around.

(a) elder

(b) eldest

(c) older

(d) oldest

Answer: C

Grammar rules: ELDER and ELDEST are used to talk about seniority rather than age, usually within family: "elder sister," "eldest child."

ELDER can't be used with "than," so you can't say "My brother is three years elder than me" - you have to use "older" instead.

Other grammar & vocabulary tests

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English Grammar in Use / A Practical English Grammar

1. Articles and one, a little/a few, this, that

2. Nouns

3. Adjectives

4. Irregular verbs

 

Common Errors in English

1. Misused forms – Using a Wrong Preposition

2. Misused forms – Misuse of the Infinitive

3. Misused forms – The Use of a Wrong Tense

4. Misused forms – Miscellaneous Examples

5. Misused forms – Un-English Expressions

6. Incorrect Omissions – Omission of Prepositions

7. Incorrect Omissions – Miscellaneous Examples

8. Unnecessary Words – Unnecessary Prepositions

9. Unnecessary Words – Unnecessary Articles

10. Unnecessary Words – The Infinitive without "To"

11. Unnecessary Words – Miscellaneous Examples

12. Misplaced Words – Wrong Position of Adverbs

13. Misplaced Words – Miscellaneous Examples

14. Confused Words – Prepositions often Confused

15. Confused Words – Verbs often Confused

16. Confused Words – Adverbs often Confused

17. Confused Words – Adjectives often Confused

18. Confused Words – Nouns often Confused

19. Confused Words – Confusion of Numbers

20. Confused Words – Confusion of Parts of Speech

 

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The following simple English grammar tips and tricks will help you to learn and memorize English grammar rules and speak correctly. If you are on this site for English grammar practice, these tips will really help you. Let's start.

Invest your time in learning

It surely takes some time to learn English. There is no shortcut way to learn it. Some websites may say that they will teach you English in seven days or one month. These are false offers. Invest some time in learning and practicing. Your English skills will surely improve.

Speak, speak, and speak!

Try to speak English the same way you write it. Do not worry about grammatical mistakes. The more you practice, the less mistakes you will make and the more fluent you will be. So, practice daily and do not be afraid of grammatical errors.

Slow down your speaking speed

Your confidence will go down if you try to speak fluently from the very beginning. Give yourself some time. Start with slow speaking speed and increase your speed over time as you make more progress day by day. Slowing down speaking speed has another benefit — you will get enough time to make sentences in your mind before you speak.

The more you practice speaking, the more confident you will be.

Use Mobile apps

Luckily, there are many English learning apps available. Some are free and some are paid apps. If you are a smartphone user, you should install some of these apps in your mobile phone. You can at least install one app and start practicing. A mobile app is a very handy and useful thing to learn at your convenient time. You can start with free apps.

Install and use a dictionary app in your mobile

There are several free dictionary apps that will help you to learn proper pronunciation and new words. It is highly possible that your smartphone already has a dictionary installed. Use it or install a better one.

Try to get a good bilingual dictionary for better understanding. Besides using a mobile app, you can buy and use a good bilingual dictionary. A good bilingual dictionary is always a good investment for personal improvement.

Learn English idioms and phrasal verbs

Idioms and phrasal verbs are very common in everyday English conversation. If you do not know them, you may fail to understand the correct meaning of what the other person is saying. So, do not ignore them. Try to learn the most common English idioms and phrasal verbs.

Listen to news bulletins

Almost every radio and television channel broadcasts news bulletins. If you have a smartphone, radio or television, you can listen to these English news bulletins. Besides learning the correct pronunciation, you can learn correct English. Listening to these bulletins will also improve your fluency. This is a common technique used by English learners.

Read out loud

How does your English sound? The pronunciation style of some people is very bad. But there is a simple and easy way to fix improve pronunciation. Take a newspaper or any other script written in English and read out loud. This way you can hear and test your own pronunciation. If you are not happy with your own pronunciation, keep practicing and your English pronunciation will surely improve.

Learn new words daily

The more words you learn, the better you can understand English and express yourself. You may be surprised to know that learning only the basic words can help you to speak English that is used in communication everyday.

Learn sentences

Besides learning common words, try learning common sentences used in everyday English communication. This will give you a huge boost in your learning efforts.

Write every day

When you write, do not be shy of your mistakes. Try to write at least a few paragraphs, ideally at least one page. It is a great practice to use your newly learned words and practice grammar. This will also improve your writing skills.

Watch English movies

These movies will help you to learn proper pronunciation and improve your understanding of English. When you see how native English speakers speak English, your mind will automatically start copying the style. You can try to speak like them at home to understand the quality of your pronunciation and fluency.

Language swap

There are several websites where you can find people who are native English speakers and want to help your learn English if you teach them your language. This is free and can be a great way to learn from native speakers. Many learners are using this method and you should give a try.

Go to a mentor

A mentor can help you to guide in the right direction. She can measure your progress and suggest whatever you need to improve. You can regularly discuss about your improvement and weakness with your mentor. Oftentimes, she can help you. Your mentor can be someone who is good at English. She can be your school / college / university teacher, your friend or any person good at English.

Try to correct your mistakes

It is common to make mistakes. Every time you make a mistake, write it in a separate piece of paper. Make a list of mistakes. Check your mistakes from time to time and try not to make these mistakes again when you practice. These mistakes are clear and good indications of your weakness in English.

Give yourself time to think

Whenever you make a mistake, you should think how you can avoid this mistake from next time. Take time and assess your progress and weakness.

Be an advance learner

Try to learn advance English grammatical rules and vocabulary. Never be happy with your progress. The more you learn and practice, the better English skills you achieve.

Start with "Tense"

There are mainly three types of tense - past, present and future. Usually, verbs indicate the correct form of each tense. Besides learning tense, you should memorize some verbs too. Do not worry. It is interesting and easy to learn the necessary verbs.

Learn common pronoun usage

Do you know the difference between the common subject pronouns and object pronouns such as I/me, we/us, he/him, she/her, they/them?

We use subject pronouns such as I, we, he she, they when the subject is doing an action. Usually, we use subject pronouns at the beginning of a sentence. Example: I cannot remember the story.

But we do not start a sentence with object pronouns such as me, us, him, her, them. Example: Call him.

Active voice and passive voice

Many English learning students get confused here. In active voice, the subject performs an action. In passive voice, the subject and the object of a sentence swap to form the correct sentence.

Incorrect: The cinema was gone to by me.

Correct: The cinema was enjoyed by me.

Prepositions

A preposition defines the relationship between an object and its surroundings. Without the proper use of prepositions, your English will sound weird. Luckily, there are only a handful of prepositions and these are easy to learn.

Learning new words can be a matter of fun but you need to follow some effective methods to learn new words faster. Read them all in the list below.

Read, read, and read

You will find many new words that you need to learn in novels and literary works. You will be most benefited if you read classic literary books. You should also read magazines and newspapers because these are also good sources of new words that you need to learn. These sources often use high quality English that often contain both common and advance words.

Vocabulary wordbooks

In the bookshops, you will find vocabulary wordbooks that range from beginner to advance levels. You can buy one or more depending on your requirements. These books make it a lot easier to learn because these books come with a complete list of words that is suitable for your level.

Use a journal

During your learning time, you will surely find new words. Add them in your journal. This list will slowly grow. But this journal will help you to measure your progress and show where you need to improve. The journal can inspire you to learn more and faster if you find that you are going slow.

Learn some new words everyday

It is easier and more realistic to digest some new words everyday. If you are determined to learn some new words everyday, you will be surprised and happy to see your progress after a month. The progress will surely motivate you to keep using this learning method.

Use flashcards

Using flashcards is a common way to learn new words. You maybe know that you can buy flashcards from bookshops. Some learners find it easier to learn new words with flashcards. You should give a try too.

Set a target

Set a target that is achievable and realistic. Whatever happens, try to achieve your target at any cost.

Look up new words

Have you found a new word? Get in the habit of looking up words you do not know and immediately do this. If you leave it for later, you may completely forget about it and miss the chance to learn it. A quick way is to look the words in the dictionary installed or available in your smartphone. Another alternative is — look up the word on a search engine like Google.com and you will find the meaning of your desired word in several high quality websites.

Play some word games

If you search online, you can find several word learning games. Some of these games are developed in such a fun and entertaining way that you will not get bored even if you use them hours after hours. These games are not hard to find out. Vocabulary learners usually learn using crossword puzzles, anagrams, word jumble, Scrabble, and Boggle. You can try one of them or all of them.

Use your newly learned words

Take a piece of paper and make one or more sentences for every word you just learned. This way every word will be more memorable. It can take some time but it definitely has its benefits.

Engage in conversations

When you engage in conversation, use your newly learned vocabulary. It can be interesting because the other person will be surprised to see your improved vocabulary power / skills. Besides, you will be able to express / communicate in a better way.

Take vocabulary tests

There are several websites that give you free access to their website so that you can test your vocabulary. This website also helps you to test your SAT vocabulary, GRE vocabulary, IELTS vocabulary, TOEFL vocabulary, ACT vocabulary, TOEIC vocabulary, GMAT vocabulary, PTE vocabulary, ECPE vocabulary, MELAB vocabulary, MCAT vocabulary, and PCAT vocabulary.