Grammar test 21 of 82: Adjectives English Grammar in Use / A Practical English Grammar

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Question 1 of 10: Was it easy for you _________ that job?

Very Good! Correct.

Sorry, Incorrect.

Correct answer: to get

Explanation: "IT + BE + adjective + (FOR + object) + infinitive" can be used with: CONVENIENT, DANGEROUS, DIFFICULT, EASY, HARD, POSSIBLE, IMPOSSIBLE, SAFE, UNSAFE. "Is it possible to live entirely without sleep?" "It would be dangerous for you to meet him alone." All of the above adjectives, with the exception of POSSIBLE, can be also used in the "noun + BE + adjective + infinitive" construction: "The lecture was easy to follow." "This book is hard to find."

2. english exercises / grammar test / learn english grammar/ english online: Going to Paris was _____________ as going to Venice.

(a) so enjoyable

(b) as enjoyable

(c) more enjoyable

(d) than enjoyable

Answer: B

Grammar rules: You can compare actions using gerunds or infinitives:
"Writing a book is not as easy as writing an essay."
"It is more difficult to write a book than to write an essay."

3. english exercises / grammar test / learn english grammar/ english online: (Put in a DISTRIBUTIVE adjective): _______ envelope contains three exam questions.

(a) Green

(b) Each

(c) Which

(d) One

Answer: B

Grammar rules: There are six main kinds of adjectives:
1) demonstrative: this, that, these, those
2) distributive: each, every, either, neither
3) quantitative: two, fifty, much/many, few/little, no, some, any
4) interrogative: which, what, whose
5) possessive: my, your, his, her, its, our, their
6) of quality: bright, pretty, heavy, good, purple, square

4. english exercises / grammar test / learn english grammar/ english online: I considered buying the brown shoes, but I chose __________ instead.

(a) the black one

(b) the black ones

(c) the blacks

(d) black ones

Answer: B

Grammar rules: You can use most adjectives with the pronoun ONE/ONES, where ONE/ONES represents a previously used noun:
"Don't wear the green dress; wear the red one."
"Small dogs are often louder than big ones."

This rule applies also to a combination of a number+adjective:
"If I can't have a big cookie, I'll take two little ones."

5. english exercises / grammar test / learn english grammar/ english online: Which sentence doesn't have the same meaning as the rest?

(a) This mistake is not as big as the previous one.

(b) This is the biggest mistake I've ever made.

(c) This is the biggest mistake of all.

(d) I've never made a bigger mistake than this.

Answer: A

Grammar rules: To compare something with three or more other things or people, we use the superlative form of an adjective with THE ... OF/IN:
"This is the best hotel in New York."
"Lily is the smartest of my friends."

We can also use a relative clause, especially with a perfect tense:
"This is the best coffee (that) I have ever drunk."

The same can be expressed with "never" instead of "ever" and a comparative: "I've never drunk better coffee."

6. english exercises / grammar test / learn english grammar/ english online: Which sentence is NOT correct?

(a) Remember, your essay is due on Friday.

(b) I can't go to work today due a stomach bug.

(c) The package is due to get there tomorrow.

(d) Owing to the bad weather the picnic was postponed.

Answer: B

Grammar rules: DUE / DUE TO / OWING TO

When we use DUE to talk about time, it can stand alone ("The bus was due at 3:30") or take an infinitive ("The lecture is due to start in five minutes").

DUE TO is a preposition that means "a result of": "The bus was late due to a traffic jam."

OWING TO means "because of": "Owing to the delay we missed our plane."

DUE TO, unlike OWING TO, should be preceded by a subject and verb. However, many people ignore this rule and start sentences with DUE TO.

7. english exercises / grammar test / learn english grammar/ english online: Of course I'm glad ___________ here!

(a) to be

(b) to is

(c) were

(d) been

Answer: A

Grammar rules: "Subject + BE + adjective/participle + infinitive" can be used with adjectives and participles that show reactions or feelings, too:

- adjectives: ANGRY, DELIGHTED, DISMAYED, GLAD, HAPPY, PLEASED, RELIEVED, SAD, SORRY;

- past participles of: ALARM, AMUSE, ANNOY, AMAZE, ASTONISH, BEWILDER, DISAPPOINT, DISGUST, EMBARRASS, EXCITE, FRIGHTEN, HORRIFY, INTEREST, SURPRISE, UPSET.

"I'm sorry to inform you that you failed your exam."
"She was excited to go to Paris."

The infinitives that are often used here are TO FIND/LEARN/HEAR/SEE.

GLAD/HAPPY/SAD/SORRY are frequently followed by TO SAY/TELL/INFORM, but other infinitives can be used, too.

8. english exercises / grammar test / learn english grammar/ english online: It's not fair: Paul drank the _________ wine and he has no hangover today.

(a) most

(b) many

(c) more

(d) much

Answer: A

Grammar rules: We use MANY before countable nouns: "They don't have many children."

We use MUCH before uncountable nouns: "I didn't drink much wine."

Both MANY and MUCH have the same comparative and superlative forms: MORE and MOST:
"They don't want to have more children/more wine."
"Artie had the most children/drank the most wine."

9. english exercises / grammar test / learn english grammar/ english online: What a useless way ________ the day!

(a) spending

(b) to spending

(c) to spend

(d) spent

Answer: C

Grammar rules: "Pronoun + BE + adjective + noun + infinitive" is a construction that can be used with adjectives concerning:
- character: BRAVE, CARELESS, COWARDLY, CRUEL, GENEROUS, GOOD/NICE (=kind), MEAN, RUDE, SELFISH, WICKED, WRONG (morally), RIGHT, FAIR, JUST;
- sense: CLEVER, FOOLISH, IDIOTIC, INTELLIGENT, SENSIBLE, SILLY, STUPID;
- a number of others: ASTONISHING, CURIOUS, EXTRAORDINARY, FUNNY (=strange), ODD, QUEER, STRANGE, SURPRISING, POINTLESS, USELESS, USEFUL.

"That was a clever thing to do."
"It was a useful advice to share, thank you."

Such comments can be also expressed as exclamations:
"What an extraordinary feat to witness!"
"What a strange thing to say!"

In expressions of disapproval, the adjective can be sometimes omitted: "What a way to speak to your elders!"

10. english exercises / grammar test / learn english grammar/ english online: (Put in a POSSESSIVE adjective): Sandra made some tea for _______ grandma.

(a) each

(b) this

(c) her

(d) old

Answer: C

Grammar rules: There are six main kinds of adjectives:
1) demonstrative: this, that, these, those
2) distributive: each, every, either, neither
3) quantitative: two, fifty, much/many, few/little, no, some, any
4) interrogative: which, what, whose
5) possessive: my, your, his, her, its, our, their
6) of quality: bright, pretty, heavy, good, purple, square

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English Grammar in Use / A Practical English Grammar

1. Articles and one, a little/a few, this, that

2. Nouns

3. Adjectives

4. Irregular verbs

 

Common Errors in English

1. Misused forms – Using a Wrong Preposition

2. Misused forms – Misuse of the Infinitive

3. Misused forms – The Use of a Wrong Tense

4. Misused forms – Miscellaneous Examples

5. Misused forms – Un-English Expressions

6. Incorrect Omissions – Omission of Prepositions

7. Incorrect Omissions – Miscellaneous Examples

8. Unnecessary Words – Unnecessary Prepositions

9. Unnecessary Words – Unnecessary Articles

10. Unnecessary Words – The Infinitive without "To"

11. Unnecessary Words – Miscellaneous Examples

12. Misplaced Words – Wrong Position of Adverbs

13. Misplaced Words – Miscellaneous Examples

14. Confused Words – Prepositions often Confused

15. Confused Words – Verbs often Confused

16. Confused Words – Adverbs often Confused

17. Confused Words – Adjectives often Confused

18. Confused Words – Nouns often Confused

19. Confused Words – Confusion of Numbers

20. Confused Words – Confusion of Parts of Speech

 

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The following simple English grammar tips and tricks will help you to learn and memorize English grammar rules and speak correctly. If you are on this site for English grammar practice, these tips will really help you. Let's start.

Invest your time in learning

It surely takes some time to learn English. There is no shortcut way to learn it. Some websites may say that they will teach you English in seven days or one month. These are false offers. Invest some time in learning and practicing. Your English skills will surely improve.

Speak, speak, and speak!

Try to speak English the same way you write it. Do not worry about grammatical mistakes. The more you practice, the less mistakes you will make and the more fluent you will be. So, practice daily and do not be afraid of grammatical errors.

Slow down your speaking speed

Your confidence will go down if you try to speak fluently from the very beginning. Give yourself some time. Start with slow speaking speed and increase your speed over time as you make more progress day by day. Slowing down speaking speed has another benefit — you will get enough time to make sentences in your mind before you speak.

The more you practice speaking, the more confident you will be.

Use Mobile apps

Luckily, there are many English learning apps available. Some are free and some are paid apps. If you are a smartphone user, you should install some of these apps in your mobile phone. You can at least install one app and start practicing. A mobile app is a very handy and useful thing to learn at your convenient time. You can start with free apps.

Install and use a dictionary app in your mobile

There are several free dictionary apps that will help you to learn proper pronunciation and new words. It is highly possible that your smartphone already has a dictionary installed. Use it or install a better one.

Try to get a good bilingual dictionary for better understanding. Besides using a mobile app, you can buy and use a good bilingual dictionary. A good bilingual dictionary is always a good investment for personal improvement.

Learn English idioms and phrasal verbs

Idioms and phrasal verbs are very common in everyday English conversation. If you do not know them, you may fail to understand the correct meaning of what the other person is saying. So, do not ignore them. Try to learn the most common English idioms and phrasal verbs.

Listen to news bulletins

Almost every radio and television channel broadcasts news bulletins. If you have a smartphone, radio or television, you can listen to these English news bulletins. Besides learning the correct pronunciation, you can learn correct English. Listening to these bulletins will also improve your fluency. This is a common technique used by English learners.

Read out loud

How does your English sound? The pronunciation style of some people is very bad. But there is a simple and easy way to fix improve pronunciation. Take a newspaper or any other script written in English and read out loud. This way you can hear and test your own pronunciation. If you are not happy with your own pronunciation, keep practicing and your English pronunciation will surely improve.

Learn new words daily

The more words you learn, the better you can understand English and express yourself. You may be surprised to know that learning only the basic words can help you to speak English that is used in communication everyday.

Learn sentences

Besides learning common words, try learning common sentences used in everyday English communication. This will give you a huge boost in your learning efforts.

Write every day

When you write, do not be shy of your mistakes. Try to write at least a few paragraphs, ideally at least one page. It is a great practice to use your newly learned words and practice grammar. This will also improve your writing skills.

Watch English movies

These movies will help you to learn proper pronunciation and improve your understanding of English. When you see how native English speakers speak English, your mind will automatically start copying the style. You can try to speak like them at home to understand the quality of your pronunciation and fluency.

Language swap

There are several websites where you can find people who are native English speakers and want to help your learn English if you teach them your language. This is free and can be a great way to learn from native speakers. Many learners are using this method and you should give a try.

Go to a mentor

A mentor can help you to guide in the right direction. She can measure your progress and suggest whatever you need to improve. You can regularly discuss about your improvement and weakness with your mentor. Oftentimes, she can help you. Your mentor can be someone who is good at English. She can be your school / college / university teacher, your friend or any person good at English.

Try to correct your mistakes

It is common to make mistakes. Every time you make a mistake, write it in a separate piece of paper. Make a list of mistakes. Check your mistakes from time to time and try not to make these mistakes again when you practice. These mistakes are clear and good indications of your weakness in English.

Give yourself time to think

Whenever you make a mistake, you should think how you can avoid this mistake from next time. Take time and assess your progress and weakness.

Be an advance learner

Try to learn advance English grammatical rules and vocabulary. Never be happy with your progress. The more you learn and practice, the better English skills you achieve.

Start with "Tense"

There are mainly three types of tense - past, present and future. Usually, verbs indicate the correct form of each tense. Besides learning tense, you should memorize some verbs too. Do not worry. It is interesting and easy to learn the necessary verbs.

Learn common pronoun usage

Do you know the difference between the common subject pronouns and object pronouns such as I/me, we/us, he/him, she/her, they/them?

We use subject pronouns such as I, we, he she, they when the subject is doing an action. Usually, we use subject pronouns at the beginning of a sentence. Example: I cannot remember the story.

But we do not start a sentence with object pronouns such as me, us, him, her, them. Example: Call him.

Active voice and passive voice

Many English learning students get confused here. In active voice, the subject performs an action. In passive voice, the subject and the object of a sentence swap to form the correct sentence.

Incorrect: The cinema was gone to by me.

Correct: The cinema was enjoyed by me.

Prepositions

A preposition defines the relationship between an object and its surroundings. Without the proper use of prepositions, your English will sound weird. Luckily, there are only a handful of prepositions and these are easy to learn.

Learning new words can be a matter of fun but you need to follow some effective methods to learn new words faster. Read them all in the list below.

Read, read, and read

You will find many new words that you need to learn in novels and literary works. You will be most benefited if you read classic literary books. You should also read magazines and newspapers because these are also good sources of new words that you need to learn. These sources often use high quality English that often contain both common and advance words.

Vocabulary wordbooks

In the bookshops, you will find vocabulary wordbooks that range from beginner to advance levels. You can buy one or more depending on your requirements. These books make it a lot easier to learn because these books come with a complete list of words that is suitable for your level.

Use a journal

During your learning time, you will surely find new words. Add them in your journal. This list will slowly grow. But this journal will help you to measure your progress and show where you need to improve. The journal can inspire you to learn more and faster if you find that you are going slow.

Learn some new words everyday

It is easier and more realistic to digest some new words everyday. If you are determined to learn some new words everyday, you will be surprised and happy to see your progress after a month. The progress will surely motivate you to keep using this learning method.

Use flashcards

Using flashcards is a common way to learn new words. You maybe know that you can buy flashcards from bookshops. Some learners find it easier to learn new words with flashcards. You should give a try too.

Set a target

Set a target that is achievable and realistic. Whatever happens, try to achieve your target at any cost.

Look up new words

Have you found a new word? Get in the habit of looking up words you do not know and immediately do this. If you leave it for later, you may completely forget about it and miss the chance to learn it. A quick way is to look the words in the dictionary installed or available in your smartphone. Another alternative is — look up the word on a search engine like Google.com and you will find the meaning of your desired word in several high quality websites.

Play some word games

If you search online, you can find several word learning games. Some of these games are developed in such a fun and entertaining way that you will not get bored even if you use them hours after hours. These games are not hard to find out. Vocabulary learners usually learn using crossword puzzles, anagrams, word jumble, Scrabble, and Boggle. You can try one of them or all of them.

Use your newly learned words

Take a piece of paper and make one or more sentences for every word you just learned. This way every word will be more memorable. It can take some time but it definitely has its benefits.

Engage in conversations

When you engage in conversation, use your newly learned vocabulary. It can be interesting because the other person will be surprised to see your improved vocabulary power / skills. Besides, you will be able to express / communicate in a better way.

Take vocabulary tests

There are several websites that give you free access to their website so that you can test your vocabulary. This website also helps you to test your SAT vocabulary, GRE vocabulary, IELTS vocabulary, TOEFL vocabulary, ACT vocabulary, TOEIC vocabulary, GMAT vocabulary, PTE vocabulary, ECPE vocabulary, MELAB vocabulary, MCAT vocabulary, and PCAT vocabulary.