Grammar test 50 of 70: Nouns English Grammar in Use / A Practical English Grammar

HOW TO PRACTISE: There is a practice question below. Select one of the options and you will immediately see the result. Next, click on the golden "Next Question" button at the bottom of the result. This way questions will appear one after another.

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Question 1 of 10: Choose a correct alternative for the following sentence: "The gun laws of Switzerland are very different from those in the US."

Very Good! Correct.

Sorry, Incorrect.

Correct answer: Switzerland's gun laws are very different from those in the US.

Explanation: When you use possessive case, the article before the "possessed" thing or person disappears: "the daughter of the king" = "the king's daughter."

2. english exercises / grammar test / learn english grammar/ english online: Where ____________________?

(a) are the garden shears

(b) is the garden shears

(c) are the garden shear

(d) is the garden shear

Answer: A

Grammar rules: In English, there are words that are always plural. They always take plural verbs:
- police
- clothes
- garments consisting of two parts: pants, breeches, pajamas, trousers, etc.
- tools and instruments consisting of two parts: glasses, binoculars, pliers, scales, scissors, shears, spectacles, etc.
- other nouns, including: arms (=weapons,) damages (=compensation,) earnings, goods/wares, greens (=vegetables,) grounds, outskirts, pains (=trouble/effort,) particulars, premises/quarters, riches, savings, spirits (=alcohol,) stairs, surroundings, valuables.

3. english exercises / grammar test / learn english grammar/ english online: There are seven _______ in our choir.

(a) sopranoes

(b) sopranos

(c) sopranies

(d) soprano

Answer: B

Grammar rules: If a noun ends in "o," "ch," "sh," "ss," or "x," add "es" to the end to form a plural.

EXCEPTION: Words of foreign origin or abbreviated take "s" at the end instead:
"dynamo-dynamos," "kilo-kilos," "kimono-kimonos," "photo-photos," "soprano-sopranos."

4. english exercises / grammar test / learn english grammar/ english online: A _______ is a male deer, with characteristic antlers on his head.

(a) ram

(b) stallion

(c) doe

(d) stag

Answer: D

Grammar rules: Most domestic animals and some of the large wild animals have different masculine and feminine forms in English:
bull/cow, hen/cock, dog/bitch, duck/drake, gander/goose, lion/lioness, ram/ewe, stag/doe, stallion/mare, tiger/tigress.

Other animal names are the same for both genders.

5. english exercises / grammar test / learn english grammar/ english online: Did you know that people don't really need their _______?

(a) appendix

(b) appendices

(c) all answers are correct

(d) appendixes

Answer: D

Grammar rules: Certain nouns of Greek and Latin origin make their plurals according to the original language's rules:
crisis-crises, phenomenon-phenomena, erratum-errata, radius-radii, memorandum-memoranda, terminus-termini, oasis-oases.

Others use English rules to make plurals:
dogma-dogmas, gymnasium-gymnasiums, formula-formulas (though scientists use formulae.)

Sometimes there are two plural forms for nouns of foreign origin, and each has a different use or meaning:
appendix-appendixes (in medicine) OR appendices (additions to a book); index-indexes (in books) OR indices (in mathematics.)

Italian musical terms are usually pluralized using Italian forms: libretto-libretti, tempo-tempi. However, plurals with -s are also acceptable.

6. english exercises / grammar test / learn english grammar/ english online: Frank took up _______________ during his Italian vacation.

(a) wind's surfing

(b) surfwinding

(c) windsurf

(d) windsurfing

Answer: D

Grammar rules: Compound nouns are often used to talk about occupations, hobbies, and sports ("sheep farming," "windsurfing," "ballroom dancing"), and about people who practice them ("sheep farmer," "windsurfer," "ballroom dancer").

They can also be used for competitions: "football match," "beauty contest," "tennis tournament."

7. english exercises / grammar test / learn english grammar/ english online: Which sentence does NOT have a COMMON NOUN as a subject?

(a) The bed is covered in dog fur now.

(b) Annie ran through the woods.

(c) The girl ran through the woods.

(d) The dog slept on the bed again.

Answer: B

Grammar rules: In English, there are four types of nouns:
- common nouns: pet, girl, tree
- proper nouns: England, Jane, Mr. Warner, Chicago
- abstract nouns: love, freedom, equality
- collective nouns: team, group, crowd, swarm, flock

8. english exercises / grammar test / learn english grammar/ english online: Effective leaders are able to _____________ in people.

(a) arouse hopes

(b) rose hopes

(c) rise hopes

(d) rouse hopes

Answer: A

Grammar rules: You can use A FEAR/FEARS, A SUSPICION/SUSPICIONS, and A HOPE/HOPES in "that"-clauses introduced by "there": "There's a suspicion that he is the robber."

You can also "have a suspicion that..."

Something can "arouse a fear/fears, a suspicion/suspicions, or a hope/hopes."

9. english exercises / grammar test / learn english grammar/ english online: Ariel works as the _____ secretary.

(a) PMs's

(b) PMs

(c) PMs'

(d) PM's

Answer: D

Grammar rules: In compound nouns, the last word takes 's: "my sister-in-law's recipe."

It works in a similar way for names consisting of several words: "Henry the Eight's wives."

You can also add 's after initials and acronyms: "the VIP's escort."

10. english exercises / grammar test / learn english grammar/ english online: Miles hopes he will inherit all the _______ when his great-uncle dies.

(a) riche

(b) riches

(c) rich

Answer: B

Grammar rules: In English, there are words that are always plural. They always take plural verbs:
- police
- clothes
- garments consisting of two parts: pants, breeches, pajamas, trousers, etc.
- tools and instruments consisting of two parts: glasses, binoculars, pliers, scales, scissors, shears, spectacles, etc.
- other nouns, including: arms (=weapons,) damages (=compensation,) earnings, goods/wares, greens (=vegetables,) grounds, outskirts, pains (=trouble/effort,) particulars, premises/quarters, riches, savings, spirits (=alcohol,) stairs, surroundings, valuables.

Other grammar & vocabulary tests

American & British English

Common Errors in English

Synonym/Antonym Practice

Vocabulary Workshop

Random Grammar Exercises

Random Vocabulary Exercises


English Grammar in Use / A Practical English Grammar

1. Articles and one, a little/a few, this, that

2. Nouns

3. Adjectives

4. Irregular verbs


Common Errors in English

1. Misused forms – Using a Wrong Preposition

2. Misused forms – Misuse of the Infinitive

3. Misused forms – The Use of a Wrong Tense

4. Misused forms – Miscellaneous Examples

5. Misused forms – Un-English Expressions

6. Incorrect Omissions – Omission of Prepositions

7. Incorrect Omissions – Miscellaneous Examples

8. Unnecessary Words – Unnecessary Prepositions

9. Unnecessary Words – Unnecessary Articles

10. Unnecessary Words – The Infinitive without "To"

11. Unnecessary Words – Miscellaneous Examples

12. Misplaced Words – Wrong Position of Adverbs

13. Misplaced Words – Miscellaneous Examples

14. Confused Words – Prepositions often Confused

15. Confused Words – Verbs often Confused

16. Confused Words – Adverbs often Confused

17. Confused Words – Adjectives often Confused

18. Confused Words – Nouns often Confused

19. Confused Words – Confusion of Numbers

20. Confused Words – Confusion of Parts of Speech


Learn and Test Your Vocabulary

1. All Words (2,077 words)

2. SAT Vocabulary (1,668 words)

3. GRE Vocabulary (1,746 words)

4. IELTS Vocabulary (1,377 words)

5. TOEFL Vocabulary (1,624 words)

6. ACT Vocabulary (1,337 words)

7. TOEIC Vocabulary (1,060 words)

8. GMAT Vocabulary (1,707 words)

9. PTE Vocabulary (923 words)

10. ECPE Vocabulary (973 words)

11. MELAB Vocabulary (1,617 words)

12. MCAT Vocabulary (981 words)

13. PCAT Vocabulary (1,272 words)

14. AP Senior Vocabulary (656 words)

15. Senior/12th Grade Vocabulary (913 words)

16. Junior/11th Grade Vocabulary (1,074 words)

17. Sophomore/10th Grade Vocabulary (883 words)

18. Freshman/9th Grade Vocabulary (1,006 words)

19. 8th Grade Vocabulary (1,002 words)

20. 7th Grade Vocabulary (1,021 words)

21. 6th Grade Vocabulary (756 words)

22. 5th Grade Vocabulary (620 words)

23. 4th Grade Vocabulary (424 words)

24. 3rd Grade Vocabulary (270 words)

25. 2nd Grade Vocabulary (160 words)

26. 1st Grade Vocabulary (128 words)

The following simple English grammar tips and tricks will help you to learn and memorize English grammar rules and speak correctly. If you are on this site for English grammar practice, these tips will really help you. Let's start.

Invest your time in learning

It surely takes some time to learn English. There is no shortcut way to learn it. Some websites may say that they will teach you English in seven days or one month. These are false offers. Invest some time in learning and practicing. Your English skills will surely improve.

Speak, speak, and speak!

Try to speak English the same way you write it. Do not worry about grammatical mistakes. The more you practice, the less mistakes you will make and the more fluent you will be. So, practice daily and do not be afraid of grammatical errors.

Slow down your speaking speed

Your confidence will go down if you try to speak fluently from the very beginning. Give yourself some time. Start with slow speaking speed and increase your speed over time as you make more progress day by day. Slowing down speaking speed has another benefit — you will get enough time to make sentences in your mind before you speak.

The more you practice speaking, the more confident you will be.

Use Mobile apps

Luckily, there are many English learning apps available. Some are free and some are paid apps. If you are a smartphone user, you should install some of these apps in your mobile phone. You can at least install one app and start practicing. A mobile app is a very handy and useful thing to learn at your convenient time. You can start with free apps.

Install and use a dictionary app in your mobile

There are several free dictionary apps that will help you to learn proper pronunciation and new words. It is highly possible that your smartphone already has a dictionary installed. Use it or install a better one.

Try to get a good bilingual dictionary for better understanding. Besides using a mobile app, you can buy and use a good bilingual dictionary. A good bilingual dictionary is always a good investment for personal improvement.

Learn English idioms and phrasal verbs

Idioms and phrasal verbs are very common in everyday English conversation. If you do not know them, you may fail to understand the correct meaning of what the other person is saying. So, do not ignore them. Try to learn the most common English idioms and phrasal verbs.

Listen to news bulletins

Almost every radio and television channel broadcasts news bulletins. If you have a smartphone, radio or television, you can listen to these English news bulletins. Besides learning the correct pronunciation, you can learn correct English. Listening to these bulletins will also improve your fluency. This is a common technique used by English learners.

Read out loud

How does your English sound? The pronunciation style of some people is very bad. But there is a simple and easy way to fix improve pronunciation. Take a newspaper or any other script written in English and read out loud. This way you can hear and test your own pronunciation. If you are not happy with your own pronunciation, keep practicing and your English pronunciation will surely improve.

Learn new words daily

The more words you learn, the better you can understand English and express yourself. You may be surprised to know that learning only the basic words can help you to speak English that is used in communication everyday.

Learn sentences

Besides learning common words, try learning common sentences used in everyday English communication. This will give you a huge boost in your learning efforts.

Write every day

When you write, do not be shy of your mistakes. Try to write at least a few paragraphs, ideally at least one page. It is a great practice to use your newly learned words and practice grammar. This will also improve your writing skills.

Watch English movies

These movies will help you to learn proper pronunciation and improve your understanding of English. When you see how native English speakers speak English, your mind will automatically start copying the style. You can try to speak like them at home to understand the quality of your pronunciation and fluency.

Language swap

There are several websites where you can find people who are native English speakers and want to help your learn English if you teach them your language. This is free and can be a great way to learn from native speakers. Many learners are using this method and you should give a try.

Go to a mentor

A mentor can help you to guide in the right direction. She can measure your progress and suggest whatever you need to improve. You can regularly discuss about your improvement and weakness with your mentor. Oftentimes, she can help you. Your mentor can be someone who is good at English. She can be your school / college / university teacher, your friend or any person good at English.

Try to correct your mistakes

It is common to make mistakes. Every time you make a mistake, write it in a separate piece of paper. Make a list of mistakes. Check your mistakes from time to time and try not to make these mistakes again when you practice. These mistakes are clear and good indications of your weakness in English.

Give yourself time to think

Whenever you make a mistake, you should think how you can avoid this mistake from next time. Take time and assess your progress and weakness.

Be an advance learner

Try to learn advance English grammatical rules and vocabulary. Never be happy with your progress. The more you learn and practice, the better English skills you achieve.

Start with "Tense"

There are mainly three types of tense - past, present and future. Usually, verbs indicate the correct form of each tense. Besides learning tense, you should memorize some verbs too. Do not worry. It is interesting and easy to learn the necessary verbs.

Learn common pronoun usage

Do you know the difference between the common subject pronouns and object pronouns such as I/me, we/us, he/him, she/her, they/them?

We use subject pronouns such as I, we, he she, they when the subject is doing an action. Usually, we use subject pronouns at the beginning of a sentence. Example: I cannot remember the story.

But we do not start a sentence with object pronouns such as me, us, him, her, them. Example: Call him.

Active voice and passive voice

Many English learning students get confused here. In active voice, the subject performs an action. In passive voice, the subject and the object of a sentence swap to form the correct sentence.

Incorrect: The cinema was gone to by me.

Correct: The cinema was enjoyed by me.


A preposition defines the relationship between an object and its surroundings. Without the proper use of prepositions, your English will sound weird. Luckily, there are only a handful of prepositions and these are easy to learn.

Learning new words can be a matter of fun but you need to follow some effective methods to learn new words faster. Read them all in the list below.

Read, read, and read

You will find many new words that you need to learn in novels and literary works. You will be most benefited if you read classic literary books. You should also read magazines and newspapers because these are also good sources of new words that you need to learn. These sources often use high quality English that often contain both common and advance words.

Vocabulary wordbooks

In the bookshops, you will find vocabulary wordbooks that range from beginner to advance levels. You can buy one or more depending on your requirements. These books make it a lot easier to learn because these books come with a complete list of words that is suitable for your level.

Use a journal

During your learning time, you will surely find new words. Add them in your journal. This list will slowly grow. But this journal will help you to measure your progress and show where you need to improve. The journal can inspire you to learn more and faster if you find that you are going slow.

Learn some new words everyday

It is easier and more realistic to digest some new words everyday. If you are determined to learn some new words everyday, you will be surprised and happy to see your progress after a month. The progress will surely motivate you to keep using this learning method.

Use flashcards

Using flashcards is a common way to learn new words. You maybe know that you can buy flashcards from bookshops. Some learners find it easier to learn new words with flashcards. You should give a try too.

Set a target

Set a target that is achievable and realistic. Whatever happens, try to achieve your target at any cost.

Look up new words

Have you found a new word? Get in the habit of looking up words you do not know and immediately do this. If you leave it for later, you may completely forget about it and miss the chance to learn it. A quick way is to look the words in the dictionary installed or available in your smartphone. Another alternative is — look up the word on a search engine like and you will find the meaning of your desired word in several high quality websites.

Play some word games

If you search online, you can find several word learning games. Some of these games are developed in such a fun and entertaining way that you will not get bored even if you use them hours after hours. These games are not hard to find out. Vocabulary learners usually learn using crossword puzzles, anagrams, word jumble, Scrabble, and Boggle. You can try one of them or all of them.

Use your newly learned words

Take a piece of paper and make one or more sentences for every word you just learned. This way every word will be more memorable. It can take some time but it definitely has its benefits.

Engage in conversations

When you engage in conversation, use your newly learned vocabulary. It can be interesting because the other person will be surprised to see your improved vocabulary power / skills. Besides, you will be able to express / communicate in a better way.

Take vocabulary tests

There are several websites that give you free access to their website so that you can test your vocabulary. This website also helps you to test your SAT vocabulary, GRE vocabulary, IELTS vocabulary, TOEFL vocabulary, ACT vocabulary, TOEIC vocabulary, GMAT vocabulary, PTE vocabulary, ECPE vocabulary, MELAB vocabulary, MCAT vocabulary, and PCAT vocabulary.