7th Grade Vocabulary - The Complete Vocabulary List

abandon: 1. a lack of control or restraint 2. loss of inhibitions 3. exuberance 4. surrender to one's natural impulses

abate: reduce in amount, degree, or intensity; lessen

abbreviation: 1. a shortened form of a name, phrase or word 2. the act of shortening something

abdicate: 1. leave or give up a throne, right, power, claim, responsibility, or the like, especially in a formal manner; abandon, lay down, or withdraw from 2. fail to do what is required by (a responsibility or duty)

aberration: a departure from what is right, true, correct, etc., typically an unwelcome one

abhor: regard with extreme dislike and hatred

abnormal: 1. strange 2. not usual or typical 3. not what is considered to be normal

abolish: 1. to get rid of in an official way 2. to put an end to 3. to completely destroy

abolition: 1. the act of getting rid of something 2. the act of stopping or cancelling something

abrasive: 1. unkind or rude 2. an abrasive substance that is used in order to grind down, clean or polish objects

abridge: 1. to make something shorter while keeping the same meaning 2. to condense 3. to reduce

abrupt: 1. brusque or curt in behavior or speech 2. unexpected or sudden, most often in an unpleasant or shocking way 3. steep

absolute: 1. complete, definite or perfect 2. not limited in any way 3. unadulterated

absolutely: 1. completely 2. definitely 3. without exception

abstain: deliberately choose not to do or have something that is enjoyable but that may not be healthy, safe, or morally right 2. refrain from voting

abstemious: 1. moderation when consuming something one enjoys, such as alcohol or food 2. showing restraint

abstinence: the practice of refraining from indulging appetite or desire, especially alcoholic drink or sex

abstract: 1. not concrete; not related to a physical object or real event 2. expressing or showing feelings instead of real objects or people 3. difficult to understand because of its complexity 4. theoretical

abstruse: difficult to understand, especially because of being extremely complex

absurd: 1. silly or ridiculous, especially in a laughable way 2. illogical or totally untrue 3. difficult or impossible to believe

absurdity: 1. the state or quality of being totally ridiculous or absurd 2. nonsense

abundance: 1. an extremely large quantity of something 2. a quantity that is considered to be more than enough

abundant: 1. great in number 2. available in a large number 3. more than enough; plenty

academic: 1. related to school or scholarly subjects 2. theoretical; not practical 3. scholarly; good at studying

academy: 1. a professional organization that is created to regulate or spur interest and development in a specific field 2. a school that provides special training in a particular field

accede: 1. to formally take on official duties 2. to agree; to give consent 3. to do what someone else says

accelerate: 1. to speed up 2. to go faster 3. to make something happen or to happen at a quicker rate than normal

access: 1. a way of entering or exiting a place 2. the right or permission to use, approach, or enter something or somewhere 3. the act of approaching

accessible: 1. obtainable 2. easy to enter, speak with, or approach 3. easily influenced

accidentally: 1. by chance 2. unexpectedly 3. by mistake

accolade: 1. an award 2. a declaration of praise, approval, or admiration

accommodate: 1. to do a favor or oblige someone 2. to supply 3. to provide space for people to stay or to be 4. to adapt or to make suitable

accommodation: 1. lodgings used for travelers 2. a place to stay or live

accompany: 1. to go along with 2. to be associated with 3. to go somewhere with someone

accomplishment: 1. fulfillment, success or achievement 2. something that was done successfully

accord: concurrence of opinions or wills

accost: approach and speak to (someone) often in an angry, aggressive, or unwanted way, as with a demand or request

accountant: 1. a person who keeps and prepares financial reports for businesses and individuals

accumulate: 1. to collect or gather 2. to amass 3. to increase in quantity or amount

accurate: 1. meticulous or giving careful consideration to the details 2. exact 3. free from errors and mistakes

acknowledge: 1. to recognize or admit that something is true 2. to tell someone you have received something 3. to thank someone for something they have done 4. to show someone that you have recognized them by making a gesture

acquire: 1. to obtain 2. to purchase 3. to develop or learn a habit or skill 4. to pinpoint and hold a target or something else through the use of radar or another tracking device

acrid: 1. a strong, bitter or stinging smell which often creates an unpleasant smell in one's throat 2. a bitter or sharp taste

acumen: the ability to think clearly, make good judgments and take quick decision in a particular subject, such as business or politics

adamant: 1. refusing to be persuaded, or unwilling to change an opinion or decision in spite of pleas, appeals, or reason; stubbornly unyielding 2. too hard to cut, break, or pierce

adapt: 1. to make changes in order to fit a specific situation or purpose 2. to modify 3. to alter something

adaptation: 1. the act of modifying something so that it better fits one's needs 2. change; adjustment

adequate: 1. sufficient to fit the requirements or needs 2. good enough, but not excessively good 3. satisfactory

adjacent: 1. near 2. close to 3. neighboring 4. touching

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adversity: a difficult, unlucky, or unpleasant situation, condition, or event; misfortune; tragedy

advocate: 1. publicly speak, write, plead, recommend, support or argue for a cause, particular policy or way of doing things 2. a person who publicly speaks, writes, pleads, recommends, supports or argues for a cause, particular policy or way of doing things

affable: 1. kind or friendly 2. warm and open to others

affect: 1. to impact someone emotionally or mentally 2. to produce a change in

allay: 1. to calm or to lessen negative feelings or pain 2. to pacify 3. to alleviate or relieve

allocate: divide and give out (something) for a particular purpose

aloof: 1. unfriendly or unwilling to interact with others 2. distant 3. uninvolved

alter: 1. to change or modify 2. to make something different 3. to castrate or spay an animal

alternative: 1. not traditional or usual 2. being a choice; offering a choice 3. existing outside traditional society

amass: 1. to gather or collect goods of any kind over a long period of time 2. to accumulate

ambiguity: 1. the state of being unclear, inexact and open to more than one possible interpretation 2. doubtfulness

ambiguous: 1. not expressed or understood clearly 2. open to or having several possible meanings or interpretations

amenable: 1. ready or willing to answer, act, agree, or yield 2. responsible or answerable

amend: 1. to make changes to 2. to improve 3. to alter 4. to remove errors from

amendment: 1. a change that is made to something, such as a law, an agreement or any other document 2. a minor change or addition to something

amicable: characterized by or exhibiting friendliness or goodwill, often despite a difficult situation

anachronism: a person or a thing that is mistakenly placed in a time where it does not belong to, especially a thing or person that belongs to an earlier time

analogy: 1. a comparison designed to show that two or more things are similar 2. partial resemblance 3. comparability

analysis: 1. the study or examination of something in an attempt to define it or understand it 2. investigation 3. the act of breaking a subject down into parts to study it

anarchy: 1. a lack of government or social control of any sort 2. lawlessness and confusion due to an absence of control or structure

anecdote: a short, often funny story, especially about something some happening, usually personal or biographical

annual: 1. occurring each year 2. payable on a yearly basis or calculated over a year 3. yearly

anomaly: 1. something strange or different from what is considered to be normal 2. unusual or unexpected 3. irregularity

anonymous: 1. with no name known or acknowledged 2. made or done by someone unknown 3. having no unusual or interesting features

antagonist: a person who opposes to, struggles against, or competes with someone or something, especially in combat; adversary; opponent

antediluvian: 1. of or belonging to the time before the biblical Flood 2. a very old or old-fashioned person or thing

anthology: 1. a book that contains many different selections, often from various authors 2. a collection of music or different works of art

anticipate: 1. to predict or foresee 2. to look forward to something 3. to prepare for something or deal with something before it happens

antipathy: a strong feeling of intense aversion, dislike, or hostility

apathy: 1. uninterested and not energetic behavior 2. lack of interest 3. lack of concern

apparent: 1. clear and able to be seen 2. obvious; evident 3. easily understood

appease: 1. to calm a situation 2. to pacify a situation by giving one's enemies what they demand 3. to soothe

appendix: 1. additional material that is found at the end of a book, an essay or another written piece 2. added information

apprehensive: 1. worried about something that is going to occur in the future 2. quick to understand

appropriate: 1. to take possession or control of something 2. to steal 3. to set aside or to devote to a specific purpose

approximate: 1. to come close to something 2. to be similar to something 3. to get near

arbitrary: 1. determined in a random way 2. based on preference rather than logic

arbitrate: officially try to settle a disagreement between opposing or contending parties or sides after hearing the opinions and ideas of both

archaic: 1. antiquated 2. belonging to a time in the past 3. old-fashioned

arid: 1. very dry, especially having insufficient rainfall to support trees or plants 2. lacking in interest, excitement, or meaning

articulate: 1. capable of expressing oneself in a clear and coherent manner 2. clear and well formulated language

artisan: 1. a craftsman 2. a worker who has a specific skill and is able to make things by hand 3. a company or person that produces small batches of high quality goods

aspect: 1. a part or quality of something 2. one part of a situation 3. exposure; the way in which a structure is facing

aspire: long, aim, or seek ambitiously to have or achieve something, especially in your career; desire strongly

assail: physically attack or severely criticize (someone or something) in a violent or angry way

assembly: 1. a gathering of people that takes place because the people share a common goal or interest; a meeting 2. a gathering of teachers and students where information is shared

assess: 1. to estimate or determine the value of something; to appraise 2. to evaluate

assessment: 1. the act of evaluating and judging something 2. one's judgments or observations about a particular subject

assign: 1. to give or allocate 2. to appoint 3. to designate 4. to attribute

assume: 1. to believe that something is true without proof 2. to take on a role or responsibility 3. to adopt an idea

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assurance: 1. a feeling of confidence in oneself or something else 2. a promise designed to give confidence

astute: 1. crafty 2. possessing the ability to correctly judge situations and use one's observations to take advantage of the situation 3. shrewd

asylum: 1. protection, safety, or the right to stay, especially that given by a government to people who has escaped from war or political trouble in their own country 2. an institution for the care of the mentally ill, or of the aged, the poor, etc.

atrophy: 1. (of body tissue or a part of the body) a wasting or decrease in size because of disease, injury, or lack of use 2. gradual degeneration, decline, or decrease in effectiveness or vigor due to underuse or neglect

audacious: extremely bold or daring, despite difficulties, risks, or the negative attitudes of other people

augment: 1. to increase something in size, quantity or value 2. to enlarge 3. to enhance

August: impressive; majestic; inspiring awe or admiration

aura: 1. the distinctive atmosphere, feeling, or quality that seems to surround or come from a person, place, or situation 2. any invisible emanation, especially an odor 3. a luminous radiation, typically visible to certain persons with psychic powers

auspicious: 1. showing signs or suggesting that a positive and successful future is likely 2. favored by fortune; prosperous; fortunate

austere: 1. strict or cold in one's behavior or appearance 2. serious 3. plain and lacking adornment, decoration or luxury

author: 1. the creator of something 2. the person who writes a document 3. the person responsible for an action

available: 1. free and ready to be used; not busy 2. accessible 3. at someone's disposal

avarice: extreme greed to get or keep money or possessions; cupidity

aversion: 1. dislike of or repugnance toward something or someone 2. the person or thing that causes this strong dislike

banal: boring, ordinary, or not interesting because it contains nothing new, original, or unusual

bastion: 1. a fortified position or place 2. something protecting a specific belief, condition, attitude, or activity that is being threatened 3. a protruding part of a fort or castle

begrudge: 1. to give something to someone with hesitation or reluctance 2. to envy someone because they have something you want and you believe they don't deserve to have it

beguile: 1. to trick someone, convincing them to do something 2. to charm someone 3. to mislead

belie: 1. give a false representation to; disguise or misrepresent 2. show to be false; contradict; prove false

belittle: 1. to disparage or put down 2. to consider something to be less important or make it seem less important 3. to scorn or disparage

belligerent: inclined or eager to fight or argue; hostile and aggressive

bemoan: 1. to complain about something 2. to show or express disapproval of 3. to show or express grief over; to lament

benefit: 1. an advantage 2. a gift or payment from an employer to an employee 3. a payment from an insurance company or social welfare program 4. something intended to help 5. an event designed to raise money for someone or for a cause

benevolent: kind, generous, and helpful; charitable

benign: 1. not harmful 2. displaying kindness or gentleness 3. beneficial

bias: supporting or opposing a particular person or thing in an unfair way, especially in a way considered to be unfair

bigot: 1. a person who is intolerant of views other than his or her own 2. a person with a closed-mind

blandishment: a flattering or pleasing statement, speech, or action intended to flatter, coax, entice someone gently into doing something

blasphemy: 1. an action or a message which shows disrespect for a religion, God, or a holy object

blatant: 1. obvious, easily detectable, or blunt 2. noisy in a vulgar way 3. obtrusive

boisterous: 1. noisy, energetic, and lacking in restraint or discipline 2. (of waves, weather, wind, etc.) wild or stormy

bombastic: (of speech, writing, etc.) high-sounding but with little meaning, usually intended to impress people; inflated; pretentious

bond: 1. the link or connection between people or things 2. a written promise 3. a force that unites or pushes people together 4. a certificate of debt issued by a government or company, promising to pay borrowed money back over a specified period of time

braggart: 1. a person who talks a great deal about himself or herself, bragging or boasting about their possessions or achievements

brazen: 1. bold and shameless 2. having a loud, usually harsh, resonant sound

breach: 1. an act of breaking or failing to follow a law, rule, trust, faith, promise, agreement, or code of conduct 2. a hole, opening or space in a wall, fence, barrier, or line of defense, especially during a military attack

bulwark: 1. something or someone which protects one from negative, dangerous or unpleasant things or gives support and encouragement in bad situations 2. a wall built for defense

buoyant: 1. able to float 2. cheerful and optimistic

burnish: 1. to make something brilliant or shiny by rubbing it 2. to polish

buttress: 1. a structure, usually made of brick or stone, built against a wall for support or strengthen it 2. a source of defense or support 3. something that resembles a buttress

cajole: persuade by flattery or promises; wheedle; coax

camaraderie: friendship and trust between people in a group, often people who spend a lot of time together

candid: 1. direct or honest, even in situations when the truth is considered to be uncomfortable or unpleasant; frank; straightforward 2. impartial or unbiased 3. unrehearsed or informal

candor: 1. the quality or state of being honest or frank, especially when the truth is painful or difficult 2. fairness; impartiality

canny: careful, shrewd, and having good judgment, especially in money or business matters

cantankerous: bad-tempered, quarrelsome, and often angry and annoyed

capacity: 1. the ability to do something 2. the maximum number of things that a place or object can hold

capricious: suddenly and unexpectedly changing mood or behavior without any good reason; impulsive and unpredictable

cartographer: 1. a person who designs, draws or otherwise makes charts and maps

castigate: criticize someone or something severely

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category: 1. a group of things organized due to the fact that they share a common trait 2. a group or class 3. a division

catharsis: 1. a purging or cleansing of any part of the human body 2. a release of strong feelings or emotional tensions, especially through art

caucus: 1. a closed or private meeting of political officials or party members in which party affairs are discussed or candidates are selected 2. a group of politicians with similar interests

cease: 1. to stop doing something; to quit 2. to discontinue 3. to come to an end

censorious: often criticizing other people or ideas, and wanting to find faults in them; highly critical

censure: strong criticism or disapproval of (someone or something), especially in a formal statement

challenge: 1. to question or express objection to 2. to test someone 3. to invite someone to take part in a debate or competition; to dare

channel: 1. a route through which water flows or can flow 2. a television or radio station 3. a course of direction through which actions or ideas pass

charlatan: someone who cheats people by pretending or claiming to have more knowledge or skill than he or she possesses, especially in medicine; quack

chart: 1. a drawing or illustration which displays information in an easy to understand way; a graph 2. a detailed map used for navigation of the sea or air

chastise: 1. punish, especially by beating 2. scold or criticize someone severely for doing something wrong

churlish: 1. rude, unfriendly, and unpleasant 2. difficult to work with or deal with

circumstance: 1. the conditions surrounding an event 2. a factor which influences something

cite: 1. to use information or exact words from another source; to quote 2. to use as an example

civil: 1. not related to the church or military, but rather the ordinary people of a country 2. secular 3. polite or courteous

clamor: 1. a loud outcry, uproar, demand, complaint or shouting 2. a loud noise that continues for a long time

clandestine: kept or done secretly and often illegal

clarify: 1. to make something clearer or easier to understand 2. to remove ambiguity

classic: 1. typical; traditional; famous 2. extraordinarily good 3. timeless; considered to be good or exceptional over a long period of time

classical: 1. relating to ancient cultures 2. respecting tradition or the original way of doing things 3. traditional

clause: 1. a provision or stipulation in a contract or another formal document 2. a phrase containing a subject and a verb that is part of a larger sentence

clientele: 1. the specific group of customers which patronize a certain establishment or service provider; customer base

coerce: 1. to convince someone to do something by threatening them or using force 2. to use force to get something

cogent: 1. an argument that is structured in such a way that makes it easily believable 2. something convincing 3. a logical argument

coherent: 1. consistent or logical 2. understandable 3. capable of explaining one's thoughts or ideas in a way that is easily understood 4. unified; sticking together

coincide: 1. to happen at the same time 2. to be present at the same time and place 3. to agree with or be in agreement

collaborate: 1. work together, especially in a joint intellectual effort 2. cooperate with an enemy who has invaded your country during a war

collapse: 1. to cave in due to pressure or lack of support 2. to fall down 3. to break down 4. to fold into a smaller or more compact shape, allowing something to be more easily stored

colleague: 1. a coworker 2. someone you work with in the same profession or organization

commence: 1. to start; to begin 2. to commence 3. to originate

commission: 1. a fee or payment for goods or services rendered 2. a request to create a specific work for someone 3. a group which studies a certain issue

commitment: 1. one's promise or willingness to do something 2. an obligation, engagement, pledge or understanding

commodity: 1. a product or good that can be bought and sold 2. something useful or of value

communicate: 1. to transmit something, such as energy or an illness 2. to transmit information to others through written, verbal or non verbal words or signals

community: 1. a group of people living in the same area or region 2. a group of people who share common interests 3. the greater public

compassion: a feeling of deep sympathy and sorrow for the sufferings or misfortunes of others and a wish to help them

compatible: 1. able to exist in harmony 2. well-suited 3. capable of being mixed

compensate: 1. to pay someone for something that has been lost, damaged, or taken away 2. to make up for something negative 3. to pay someone for their services

compensation: 1. a reward or a payment that is given in exchange for some sort of negative incident

compile: 1. to gather things together 2. to put things together in a logical or orderly form

complacency: a feeling of contentment or self-satisfaction with your own abilities or situation that prevents you from trying harder, often while unaware of some potential danger, defect, or the like

complement: 1. to go well with something 2. to make perfect; to complete

compound: 1. to increase 2. to combine 3. to make something worse 4. to pay interest

comprise: 1. to be made up of 2. to be composed of 3. to include; to contain

compromise: 1. a settlement of differences by mutual concessions 2. reduce the quality, value, or degree of something 3. endanger the interests or reputation of

compute: 1. to calculate 2. to determine by using a calculator or computer

conceive: 1. to draw up or think up a plan 2. to get pregnant 3. to invent something

concept: 1. an idea or a notion 2. a plan 3. an experimental model for a future product

concise: 1. expressed in few words 2. clear and succinct 3. brief yet clear

conclude: 1. to finish 2. to terminate or cause something to come to an end 3. to deduce or to infer based on what one has seen or heard

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concur: agree with someone or something

concurrent: 1. contemporary 2. happening or existing at the same time 3. simultaneous

condescend: 1. to submit or to do something that one considers to be below oneself 2. to be patronizing

conditional: imposing, containing, subject to, or depending on a condition or conditions

confer: 1. to grant something, like a title, to someone 2. to discuss or exchange opinions

conflagration: a large destructive fire that causes a lot of land or property damage; large-scale military conflict

conflict: 1. a fight or a disagreement between two or more parties 2. a struggle 3. an incompatibility

conform: 1. to meet (standards) 2. to comply with 3. to be similar to 4. to behave in a way that is expected and acceptable

congenial: 1. (of a person) agreeable, suitable, or pleasing in nature or character 2. (of a thing) pleasant or agreeable because suited to or adapted in one's spirit, feeling, temper, etc.; compatible

consensus: 1. majority opinion 2. an opinion or decision reached by all, or nearly all, members of a group 3. a general agreement

consent: 1. to allow or agree with 2. to grant permission 3. to approve

consider: to think carefully

considerable: 1. quite large; substantial 2. worthy of recognition or consideration 3. noteworthy

consistent: 1. regular 2. not changing over time 3. constantly acting or behaving the same way

conspicuous: 1. obvious; easily noticed 2. attracting attention, especially because it is strange or unusual

constitute: 1. to formally set up or establish 2. to appoint someone to a position 3. to be the same as or equivalent to

constitutional: 1. permitted by the constitution of a country, group or business 2. related to the constitution of a country, group or business

consult: 1. to get advice from someone or something; to ask someone their opinion 2. to consider; to take into account

consumer: 1. a person who purchases goods or services

consummate: 1. perfect 2. indicating great skill or ability 3. superb; supreme

contemporary: 1. from or existing in the same time period 2. modern

context: 1. the circumstances surrounding something 2. the words before and after something that help explain what it means 3. the circumstances or situation in which something happens, which help to explain it

contract: 1. to get smaller; to shrink 2. to make smaller 3. to hire someone to work under a contract 4. to get

contradict: 1. to make a statement that goes against what has been expressed by another 2. to deny 3. to disagree with something

contrast: 1. the act of finding differences between two or more things 2. a difference between two or more things

contribute: 1. to write for a newspaper or a magazine 2. to give goods, money or time and effort to a person or group in order to help them

controversy: 1. a disagreement or dispute over a specific subject about which people have differing opinions 2. a heated discussion or argument

convention: 1. a formal political agreement 2. a gathering or meeting of people or professionals with a shared interest 3. a social custom

conventional: 1. traditional 2. based on what is considered to be traditional or typical 3. common 4. related to or based on a convention or an agreement

cooperate: 1. to work together with one or more other people in order to reach a shared or mutually beneficial goal

copious: large in quantity or number; affording ample supply; abundant; plentiful

corporal: of or relating to the body; bodily; physical

correspond: 1. to communicate through messages, letters or e-mails 2. to be related to or quite similar to

corroborate: strengthen, confirm or give support to (a statement, theory, etc.) by providing information or evidence that agrees with them

cosmopolitan: 1. common to or representative of all or many different countries and cultures 2. containing or having experience of many different countries and cultures 3. including people from many different countries 4. free from local or national habits or prejudice

counterfeit: 1. to forge a copy of something, often for illegal or dishonest reasons 2. to create a high-quality copy of something with the intention of defrauding someone

craven: 1. contemptibly lacking in courage; cowardly 2. a cowardly person

credible: 1. trustworthy 2. easy to believe or convincing 3. reliable

credulity: a tendency to be too ready to believe that something is real or true, especially without proper or adequate evidence; lack of doubt

cringe: 1. to move away from something or someone suddenly because you are surprised, afraid or embarrassed

crucial: 1. of the utmost importance 2. extremely important 3. decisive

cryptic: 1. mysterious 2. possessing a hidden meaning 3. written or said using a special code or cypher

culture: 1. behaviors, beliefs, and standards that are shared between one large group of people or a society 2. art, such as music, literature, dance, theater, etc.

cumulative: 1. increasing due to the constant addition of other elements 2. gradually increasing 3. snowballing

curtail: 1. to reduce or shorten something 2. to establish a limit on something 3. to abridge

cycle: 1. an extended period of time 2. a bi- or tri- cycle 3. a series of events which repeat over time

cynical: 1. displaying a belief that people only act in self-interested ways 2. pessimistic or skeptical 3. distrustful of humans or human nature 4. contemptuous or condescending

data: 1. information, facts or figures about a specific subject that is often used to make a decision 2. information used by a computer

dauntless: showing fearlessness and determination

dearth: a lack of something or an inadequate supply

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debacle: 1. a complete collapse or failure, often in an embarrassing way 2. a sudden, disastrous collapse, downfall, or defeat

debase: 1. to degrade 2. to adulterate 3. to reduce in quality or value 4. to humiliate

debate: 1. a civil or controlled argument between two or more people or groups with opposing viewpoints 2. a formal discussion before a vote 3. discussion

debilitate: 1. make (someone or something) weak 2. reduce the strength of (someone or something)

debunk: expose or ridicule (an idea, belief, claim, etc.) as being pretentious, false, or exaggerated

decade: 1. a period of ten years 2. any series or group of ten

decline: 1. a fall in the number of something; a reduction 2. the act of reducing in number 3. a downward slope

deduce: 1. to reach a conclusion based on the facts available 2. to infer

define: 1. to explain exactly what something means 2. to describe what a word means 3. to clarify 4. to limit

definite: 1. exact 2. clear 3. undeniable 4. certain and unlikely to change

degradation: 1. the act or process of degrading such as in rank, status, or condition 2. treat someone or something poorly and without respect; humiliation

delineate: 1. describe or portray (something) clearly and precisely 2. draw or trace the outline of; sketch or trace in outline

demonstrate: 1. to deliberately show or prove 2. to make clear

demonstrative: 1. freely and openly showing one's emotions, attitudes, etc., especially of love or affection 2. serving as convincing evidence or conclusive proof of something

denote: 1. to be a name or symbol for 2. to indicate 3. to mean; to symbolize

deplore: 1. to believe something is wrong or bad 2. to lament; to regret 3. to feel great sadness about

depravity: behavior that is immoral or evil; wickedness

depress: 1. to press or force down 2. to make someone feel quite sad 3. to weaken 4. to lower the amount of something

depression: 1. extreme sadness 2. a dip in a surface 3. a severe recession in an economy

derivative: 1. developed from, based on, influenced by, or copied something else; derived 2. copied or adapted from others; not original; secondary

derive: 1. to get something from a source 2. to deduce 3. to show or trace the origin of

derogatory: showing a critical or disrespectful attitude

descry: 1. see (something unclear or distant) by looking carefully 2. discover by looking carefully

despite: 1. hatred or malice 2. injury

despondent: very sad and with no enthusiasm from loss of hope or courage; dejected

despot: 1. a ruler or other person with absolute, unlimited power, typically one who uses that power in cruel and unfair ways; autocrat 2. any tyrant or oppressor

detect: 1. to note or to feel something 2. to discover or catch 3. to note the presence of

deteriorate: 1. to get or become worse 2. to depreciate 3. to disintegrate over time

deterrent: something that discourages; tending to deter

detrimental: 1. causing damage or injury 2. harmful

deviate: 1. to stray from the established course or standards 2. to digress

device: 1. a contraption used to perform specific tasks 2. an explosive, like a bomb 3. a method used to do something

devoid: completely lacking something that is necessary or usual; destitute or empty (usually followed by of = devoid of)

dexterous: 1. skillful in the use of one's hands 2. possessing great mental skill; clever

didactic: 1. intended to teach something, especially a moral lesson 2. too much inclined to teach others, often in a way that is annoying

differentiate: 1. to determine or recognize the difference between two or more things; to distinguish 2. to make one thing unlike another

diffident: modest or shy because of a lack of self-confidence in one's own ability, worth, or fitness

diffuse: 1. pour out and cause to spread freely, as a fluid 2. spread or scatter over a wide area widely or thinly; disseminate; dispersed; not concentrated in one area 3. spread among a large group of people 4. cause (light) to spread evenly to reduce glare

dilatory: 1. causing or tending to cause delay, gain time, or defer decision 2. inclined to delay or procrastinate; slow or late in doing things

dilemma: 1. a serious problem 2. a situation in which a difficult decision must be made

diligent: steady, hard-working, and careful in one's work or duties; industrious; painstaking

dimension: 1. a property or way of measuring space 2. a part or aspect of something larger

diminish: 1. to reduce or make smaller 2. to become smaller or less

discern: 1. see, recognize, find out, or understand something that is far away or not very clear 2. perceive or recognize (someone or something) with difficulty by the sight or some other sense 3. come to know, recognize, or distinguish mentally

discomfit: make (someone) feel uneasy, embarrassed, uncomfortable, or confused, especially mentally

discord: 1. disagreement among people or things 2. dispute or strife 3. a lack of harmony

discount: a reduction in the usual price of something

discrepancy: 1. a difference or variation between things that should be identical 2. inconsistency 3. disagreement

discretion: 1. the ability to judge people or situations wisely and make the right choices 2. the ability to behave in a way that does not cause offense

disingenuous: 1. not straightforward; not candid or frank; insincere 2. slyly deceptive or misleading, typically by pretending that one knows less about something than one really does

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disparage: 1. speak of in a slighting or disrespectful way; belittle 2. lower in rank or reputation

displace: 1. to force someone or something out of its proper place or position 2. to take over for 3. to remove

disputatious: inclined to dispute; fond of arguing; argumentative; contentious

disseminate: 1. spread (something, especially news, information, ideas, etc.) widely 2. scatter widely, as in sowing seed

distinct: 1. different or separate 2. unmistakable; obvious

distinction: 1. honor or excellence 2. something that makes a person or a thing different from the rest

distort: 1. to misrepresent or give false information 2. to change something so that it is no longer the way it originally was

distribute: 1. to give out or hand out 2. to spread something out over a surface 3. to deliver products

diversity: 1. difference or variety 2. the state of having people from different races and cultures gathered together in one space or organization

divulge: make (something private, secret, or previously unknown) known to public; disclose; reveal

docile: 1. submissive 2. easy to handle, manage or teach 3. compliant

dogmatic: an authoritative, arrogant assertion of unproved or unprovable principles as if they are certainly correct and cannot be doubted

domain: 1. territory 2. field of activity or study 3. a set or group of websites that share the same suffix such as .net .org etc.

domestic: 1. related to house, home or family 2. from one's own country

dominant: 1. governing; ruling; exercising one's control 2. more important than similar things 3. commanding

dominate: 1. to be very good at something 2. to command; to have power over 3. to be the most important or largest thing in a group

dormant: 1. sleeping, lying asleep or as if asleep; inactive 2. not active or developing now, but it may become active or develop in the future 3. in a state of rest or inactivity; inoperative

draft: 1. the first draft or copy of something 2. a sketch 3. a rush of air through a building or space

drama: 1. a play that is performed in a theater, on television or on the radio 2. a literary work that deals with a serious subject 3. the art of performing

dramatic: 1. sensational 2. pronounced 3. extremely sudden 4. extreme

droll: 1. strange yet amusing 2. curious in a funny way

drone: 1. a male bee whose only purpose is to mate with the queen bee 2. a low and monotonous buzzing or humming 3. an aircraft that does not have a pilot on it and is controlled by someone on the ground 4. a lazy person who lives off of others

dupe: 1. deceive (an unwary person) by trickery; fool or cheat 2. an easily deceived person

dynamic: 1. full of energy; enthusiastic 2. constantly changing 3. relating to energy or physical forces

eccentric: 1. strange 2. unusual 3. unconventional and deviating from what is considered to be "normal" behavior

eclectic: 1. selecting or choosing from various sources, systems, or styles 2. made up of or combining elements from a variety of sources

economic: 1. cheap 2. pertaining to the economy of a country or region 3. related to the system of buying and selling goods and services

economy: 1. the money and production of goods and services of a specific political region 2. thriftiness or careful management when spending money

edit: 1. to revise a document and change whatever errors one sees 2. to produce a book or document by gathering different works together

effrontery: 1. presumptuousness without the ability to see that one's behavior is unacceptable 2. shamelessly bold behavior

egregious: 1. something terribly bad 2. something surprisingly negative

element: 1. a specific part of something tangible 2. a characteristic of something abstract or intangible 3. the most basic information about a certain subject

elicit: 1. evoke or draw out (a response, information, etc.) from someone 2. draw out or entice forth; bring to light

eliminate: 1. to get rid of 2. to abolish 3. to remove

elude: 1. avoid or escape from (a danger, enemy, or pursuer) by quickness, cunning, etc.; evade 2. fail to be understood or remembered by (someone) 3. fail to be achieved by (someone)

elusive: 1. difficult to describe, find, catch, achieve, understand, or remember 2. cleverly or skillfully evasive

emancipate: 1. to liberate someone or something 2. to free someone or something from bondage or control 3. to grant freedom and rights to someone

embezzle: 1. to secretly take money for your own use from someone who trusts you 2. to defraud

embroil: 1. cause someone to become deeply involved in an argument, conflict, or difficult situation; draw into a situation; cause to be involved 2. throw into confusion or commotion by contention or discord

emerge: 1. to appear 2. to come into view 3. to become known 4. to come into existence

emollient: having the quality of softening, soothing, relaxing, or less painful, especially to the skin

empathy: the ability to understand and share the feelings, thoughts, attitudes, experiences, and emotions of another

emphasis: 1. the importance that is specifically placed on something 2. stress

empirical: relying on or derived from observation or experiment rather than theory or pure logic

emulate: try to equal or excel (someone or something you admire), typically by imitation

enable: 1. to make someone able to do something 2. to give someone the tools or resources to do something 3. to allow someone to do something

encompass: 1. form a circle or ring around; encircle; surround 2. include different types of people or things; include comprehensively; contain 3. enclose; envelop

energy: 1. the effort or power needed to do something 2. heat, electricity, light or the resources used to produce power

enervate: 1. deprive (someone) of physical, mental, or moral energy or vitality 2. weaken

enforce: 1. to make someone comply with a law or a rule 2. to cause or force something

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enhance: intensify, increase, or improve the quality, amount, extent, or strength of something, as in cost, value, attractiveness, effectiveness, etc.

enigma: someone or something that is mysterious, puzzling, and difficult to understand or explain completely

enmity: 1. animosity 2. hatred 3. ill-will towards others 4. a deep-seated dislike of another person

ensconce: 1. to make oneself comfortable or safe; to settle 2. to conceal something

ensure: 1. to make sure that something happens or happened 2. to guarantee 3. to secure or make safe

environment: 1. all of the conditions and circumstances that surround a specific person, animal or thing 2. the surroundings

ephemeral: lasting for only a very short time

epiphany: a moment when you suddenly see or understand the reality or essential meaning of something, usually initiated by some simple, homely, or commonplace occurrence or experience

epistle: 1. a missive; a long and formal letter 2. a literary work, such as a novel or a poem, that takes the form of a series of many letters

epitome: 1. a person or thing that is a representative or perfect example of a whole class or type 2. a summary of a written work; an abstract

equation: 1. a math problem 2. the act of considering one thing to be the same as another

equip: 1. to give someone the tools or skills necessary to perform a job 2. to dress

equipment: 1. supplies or tools needed to complete a task

equivalent: 1. equal to 2. of the same amount, size, value, meaning

erode: 1. to eat away or wear away something 2. to slowly deteriorate 3. to reduce something

erratic: 1. irregular in movement or behavior 2. not following a regular pattern 3. not doing what is expected

esoteric: intended for or understood by only a small number of people, especially those with special knowledge

establish: to set up

estimate: 1. to make a guess or calculate the amount or value of something 2. to judge

estrange: 1. cause (someone) to be no longer friendly or close to another person or group; make unfriendly or hostile; alienate the affections of 2. (as adjective estranged) (of a wife or husband) no longer living with their partner

ethnic: 1. of or relating to a specific group of people who share a common race, heritage, set of customs or traditions

etymology: 1. the study of the history and origins of words 2. the study of the evolution of words

eulogy: a speech or a piece of writing in praise of a person, event, or thing, especially one praising someone who has died

evaluate: 1. to judge 2. to closely examine something before determining its value

evanescent: soon passing away or fading from sight, memory, or existence like vapor or smoke; quickly fading or disappearing; lasting for only a short time

eventually: 1. in the end 2. at an unspecified time in the future 3. finally

evidence: 1. material that shows someone is innocent or guilty of something 2. material that proves something

evident: clearly and easily seen or understood

evince: 1. to show or demonstrate something in a clear way 2. to reveal something, such as an emotion

evoke: 1. bring (a memory, feeling, image, etc.) into the mind 2. bring out; arouse; call forth

evolution: 1. gradual development or change, especially over long periods of time

evolve: 1. to grow 2. to develop gradually over an extended period of time 3. to go through evolutionary changes

excavate: 1. dig a large hole or channel in the ground, especially with a machine 2. uncover or expose by digging; unearth 3. dig out and remove (earth, soil, etc.) 4. form (a hole, tunnel, etc.) by digging

exceed: 1. to surpass 2. to go beyond 3. to be greater than

exclude: 1. to leave someone or something out 2. to eject 3. to deliberately not include 4. to prevent

exculpate: show, declare, or prove that someone is not guilty of a crime or other bad action

exhaustive: 1. complete; comprehensive 2. dealing with or studying all aspects 3. all-inclusive

exhibit: 1. to display or show 2. to present to the public 3. to reveal

exhort: strongly encourage or urge (someone) to do something by strong, often stirring argument, admonition, advice, or appeal; admonish strongly

exorbitant: going far beyond what is reasonable, fair, expected, just, proper, or usual, especially of a price or amount charged

exorcism: 1. the act of getting rid of the evil spirits from one's body or a specific place

expand: 1. to add details or information 2. to grow larger 3. to cause growth or to make larger

expedite: 1. to hasten; to make something happen more quickly 2. to speed up 3. to do something efficiently as well as quickly

explicit: fully and clearly expressed or demonstrated, leaving no room for confusion or doubt

exploit: 1. to take advantage of 2. to make use of

export: 1. to sell or send abroad 2. to introduce or transmit an idea from one country into another

extant: (especially of a document) not destroyed or lost; still in existence, usually despite being very old

extol: praise (someone or something) highly, especially in a very enthusiastic way

extract: 1. to remove or pull something out of another source 2. to convince a person to give you something they don't want to give you, often through the use of force

extricate: free or remove (someone or something) from a difficult or unpleasant situation (such as a trap, net, debt, peril, etc.); set free

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facile: 1. ignoring the true complexities or difficulties of a real situation; superficial 2. (of a person) having a superficial or simplistic knowledge or approach 3. working, acting, or speaking with effortless ease and fluency 4. (of success) easily achieved

facilitate: 1. to help make something happen 2. to assist 3. to make something easier

factor: 1. a variable or an element 2. something that influences a result

fallacious: 1. based on false information or ideas; erroneous; illogical 2. deceptive; misleading

fallacy: 1. a mistaken belief that a lot of people think is true but is in fact false 2. (logic) a mistake or failure in reasoning that makes an argument or idea invalid 3. a misleading or unsound argument 4. deceptive, misleading, or false nature

falter: 1. to move or speak in an unsteady, awkward manner 2. to stop doing something, even for just a moment 3. to lose strength

fastidious: 1. very attentive to small details and wanting everything to be correct and perfect 2. difficult to please; exacting 3. wanting (clothes, possessions, and property) to always be clean, neat, etc.

fathom: 1. a unit of length equal to 6 feet (1.83 meters), a unit for measuring the depth of water 2. understand the reason for (something) thoroughly after much thought

fatuous: 1. something or someone that is silly, foolish or pointless

feasible: 1. achievable 2. capable of being done or accomplished 3. possible 4. likely

feature: 1. a part or aspect of something 2. a quality

federal: 1. related to the central or national government 2. related to the system of federalism, a system in which states or provinces and central governments share power

feign: pretend to feel or be affected by (a feeling, state, or injury)

feral: 1. a wild or undomesticated animal 2. a person who behaves in a wild manner

fickle: 1. likely to change one's opinion; not constant 2. unstable; frequently changing

final: 1. last; concluding 2. ultimate 3. coming at the end

finance: 1. money that is used to pay for a large and expensive project 2. the money that a person, company or nation has 3. the management of money

financial: 1. related to money or finance

finesse: 1. impressive delicacy, skill, or subtlety in action, performance, skill, discrimination, taste, etc. 2. skillful, subtle handling or manipulating of people or difficult situations; tactful, diplomatic maneuvering; adroit and artful management

finite: 1. limited 2. measurable 3. having an end

flagrant: 1. (of a bad action, situation, person, etc.) shockingly noticeable or evident; obviously offensive; glaringly bad; notorious; outrageous 2. notorious; scandalous

flamboyant: 1. excessively decorated 2. ornate 3. brightly colored and showy, often to draw attention to someone or something

flaunt: 1. to show something, like a personal quality, wanting to get admiration from others 2. to flaunt something

fledgling: 1. a young bird just fledged 2. a young, inexperienced, or underdeveloped person or organization

flexibility: 1. the ability or willingness to make changes 2. easily bent 3. adaptability

flexible: 1. pliable; capable of being manipulated 2. able to change or be modified 3. able to be bent

flippant: showing a lack of proper respect or seriousness about a serious subject or situation, in an attempt to be funny or to appear clever, especially when this annoys other people

florid: 1. flushed with red or pink 2. highly decorated

flounder: stagger or struggle helplessly or clumsily to move or regain one's balance, as in deep mud or snow

fluctuate: 1. to constantly undergo changes 2. to undulate 3. to shift back and forth; to rise and fall

focus: 1. the center point of something 2. the center of attention 3. the main point

foolhardy: bold or daring in a foolish way; foolishly ignoring obvious dangers; rash; reckless

format: 1. to arrange a document in a specific way 2. to prepare a computer disk to save specific files

formula: 1. a fixed or standard way of doing something 2. mathematical symbols that express a rule or a fact

fortuitous: 1. happening by accident or chance rather than intention, especially in a way that is lucky or convenient 2. lucky; fortunate

foster: 1. promote the growth or development of (something, especially something desirable and over a period of time) 2. bring up with care, raise, or rear a child, usually for a limited time, without being the child's legal parent

foundation: 1. the base on which something is built 2. an organization that deals with social issues or projects 3. the underlying principle or basis

framework: 1. the basic structure for something 2. something's skeleton 3. a set of rules around which something is done

fraught: filled, charged, or loaded (with), especially unpleasant or undesirable things such as problems, difficulties, or things that are confusing

frivolous: 1. not serious 2. unimportant 3. carefree in nature and superficial 4. trivial

frugal: 1. sparing or economical in use or expenditure; not wasteful; not spending freely or unnecessarily 2. simple, cheap, and not very big

function: 1. a duty or an activity that one must perform 2. a formal event 3. a purpose

fund: 1. money saved or collected that is destined for a specific purpose 2. a large supply of something 3. capital

fundamental: 1. essential 2. of great importance 3. basic

furtive: done quietly, quickly and secretly to avoid being noticed

futile: 1. incapable of producing any result; unsuccessful, or useless; ineffective 2. of no importance; worthless

gambol: 1. to frolic or jump about playfully 2. to skip about

garish: too bright or colorful (clothes or decoration) in an ugly way; tastelessly colorful, showy, or elaborate

garrulous: talking much or too much, especially about things that are not important

gaunt: 1. extremely thin due to illness or hunger 2. empty or barren 3. dreary

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gender: 1. one's sex or sexual identity 2. all members of a specific sex

generate: 1. to create or bring about 2. to produce 3. to produce energy, like electricity

genre: 1. a category or class 2. a specific style used in works of art that share common features

germane: 1. relevant to the argument or subject being discussed 2. fitting 3. related to a subject

germinate: 1. sprout or cause to sprout, as from a seed, spore, bulb, or bud 2. start developing or growing 3. come into existence; begin

glutton: 1. a person who eats and drinks excessively or voraciously 2. a person with a great desire, fondness, or capacity for something

goad: 1. to provoke someone 2. to urge someone on 3. to tease or incite a person or an animal

goal: 1. an aim, target or objective 2. the area where players must put a ball or puck in order to receive points in various sporting events

grade: 1. a level or rank 2. a number or letter that indicates the quality of something

gratis: 1. free 2. without charge or price

gravity: 1. the force that pulls matter toward a center of attraction; the force that pulls matter to the ground 2. seriousness or solemnity

gregarious: 1. an extremely sociable person 2. an animal that tends to live in flocks or herds

guile: clever and usually dishonest methods to achieve something or to make others do what you want

gullible: 1. easily tricked because one is too trusting 2. quick to believe something, even if it's not true 3. naive

gustatory: 1. pertaining to the sense of taste

hallowed: 1. considered holy 2. religiously important 3. highly respected

hapless: unlucky and usually unhappy

harangue: 1. a long, angry and vociferous speech, often made with the intention of persuading someone 2. an aggressive and highly opinionated piece of writing

hardy: 1. capable of enduring extreme conditions or difficult situations; robust 2. bold or daring; courageous 3. brazenly daring; audacious 4. (of plants) able to survive outside during winter without protection from the weather

haughtiness: 1. arrogance 2. believing that one is better or more important than others 3. shameful pride

haughty: having or showing irrational pride in oneself and irrational disdain for others

headlong: 1. with the head leading 2. very quickly and without taking time to think about your actions

heed: 1. to listen to or pay attention, especially when referring to advice or warnings 2. to consider or take notice of

hegemony: 1. dominance, influence or control over others, especially in reference to political power

hierarchy: 1. the order of people based on their rank or status 2. a system where people or things are ranked based on their status

hinder: 1. to limit someone's possibilities or the ability to do something 2. to hamper or impede 3. to slow something down

hyperbole: 1. a figure of speech in which the speaker or writer exaggerates for emphasis 2. an exaggerated statement that is not intended to be taken literally

hypocrisy: 1. the act or process of pretending to believe in something you don't believe in 2. being two-faced, false or insincere

hypocritical: 1. two-faced 2. insincere; never meaning what one says 2. behaving in a way which contradicts your professed beliefs

hypothesis: an unproved theory, proposition, supposition, etc. that is made on the basis of limited evidence and not proven but that leads to further study, discussion, or investigation, etc.

iconoclast: 1. a person who attacks widely accepted ideas, beliefs, traditional institutions, etc. 2. a person who destroys sacred images used in religious worship or opposes to the religious use of images

identical: 1. exactly alike 2. the same as something else 3. extraordinarily similar

identify: 1. to discover 2. to equate 3. to recognize a person or a problem

illicit: 1. not allowed by law, custom, rule, etc.; prohibited; unlawful 2. disapproved of or not permitted for moral or ethical reasons; illegal or disapproved of by society

illuminate: 1. to make something brighter; to brighten 2. to explain something in a way that makes it understandable; to instruct

illusory: 1. not real despite appearing as if it's real 2. deceptive

illustrate: 1. to show something or explain, especially by giving examples 2. to draw pictures that are to be used in a book or other written document 3. to represent

image: 1. a picture or a visual representation of something 2. a mental picture of something

immigrate: 1. to enter a foreign country with the purpose of permanently living there

immutable: 1. not able to be changed 2. always the same

impact: 1. a collision; the moment when two or more bodies hit 2. the effect that an event has on a person; an influence

impartial: 1. fair and unbiased 2. refraining from supporting a specific side in an argument 3. not partial

impecunious: having little or no money

imperious: proud and unplesant attitude of assuming power or authority without justification and expecting other people to obey

impetuous: 1. acting or done quickly, without considering the results of your actions; controlled by emotion rather than thought 2. moving with great force or violence; rushing; furious

implement: 1. to put something in force or into effect 2. to carry out

implicate: 1. to demonstrate, imply or show that a person is involved in something, such as a crime

implication: something implied or suggested without saying it directly

implicit: 1. not explicitly said or explained; implied 2. suggested

imply: 1. express or indicate (something) indirectly 2. indicate or suggest without saying or showing

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impose: 1. to force people to comply with a rule or to accept something 2. to demand

impromptu: 1. done without any planning 2. unrehearsed 3. offhand

impudent: 1. insolent 2. rude towards others 3. disrespectful toward someone that should receive respect

incentive: 1. something that motivates people to do something or take action 2. a reward or the threat of punishment that inspires people to act

income: 1. money that one receives in exchange for one's work or smart investing 2. revenue 3. a company's profits

incorporate: 1. to include something into a larger unit or group 2. to combine

incredulous: 1. unwilling or unable to believe something, and usually showing this; doubting; skeptical 2. showing doubt or disbelief 3. incredible; not easy to be believed

indefatigable: 1. untiring and inexhaustible 2. not yielding to fatigue despite persisting in labor or effort for a long time

index: 1. an alphabetical list showing all that is included in a book or a larger document 2. an alphabetical list of the documents in a collection 3. an indication

indicate: 1. to show 2. to be a sign of 3. to signal 4. to suggest

indifferent: 1. not caring about something; apathetic or indifferent 2. impartial 3. unremarkable or average

indigenous: existing, growing, or produced naturally in a particular place or climate; native

indignant: feeling or showing anger or annoyance at unfair, mean, or ungrateful action or treatment

individual: 1. a single human being 2. a person

indomitable: very determined and impossible to defeat, discourage, or subdue; unyielding; unconquerable

induce: 1. persuade or influence someone to do something 2. bring about, produce, or cause 3. draw (a general rule or conclusion) by inductive reasoning

indulgent: 1. allowing someone to do or have what they want, especially when it may not be proper, healthy, appropriate, etc. 2. indulging or inclined to indulge, especially when you should be strict

ineffable: too great, powerful, impressive, beautiful, etc., to be described or expressed in words

inert: 1. unable to move or act 2. moving or acting very slowly 3. not energetic or interesting

inevitable: 1. impossible to avoid, evade, escape, or prevent 2. sure to happen

inevitably: 1. in a way that isn't preventable 2. not able to be avoided

infamous: 1. famous for a bad reason 2. notorious 3. having a terrible reputation

infer: form an opinion or guess that something is true by reasoning, especially based on known facts, evidence, or premises

ingenious: clever, resourceful, original, and inventive

ingrate: 1. someone who is ungrateful and does not show or feel thanks for gifts, favors, etc.

inhibit: 1. prevent someone from doing what he or she wants to do 2. prevent or slow down the activity, growth or occurrence of (something) 3. restrain, hinder, arrest, or check (an action, impulse, etc.)

initial: 1. first 2. occurring at the beginning of something 3. incipient

injure: 1. to physically hurt or harm someone or something 2. to offend someone or hurt them mentally or emotionally

injury: 1. physical harm caused by violence or an accident

innate: 1. a quality or ability existing in one from birth 2. an essential characteristic existing as part of the basic nature

innocuous: 1. that does not injure or harm 2. not likely to bother or offend anyone 3. not likely to arouse strong feelings or hostility

inscrutable: (especially of a person or their expression) difficult or impossible to understand or interpret; enigmatic; mysterious

insidious: 1. seemingly harmless yet, in truth, damaging and harmful 2. slowly acting and causing harm

insipid: 1. without flavor; tasteless 2. not interesting or exciting; dull; boring

insolence: rude and disrespectful behavior, treatment, or speech

instance: 1. an occurrence 2. an example used to demonstrate something

integral: 1. fundamental; essential 2. of the utmost importance 3. necessary

integrate: 1. to add something to a unit to make it whole 2. to combine two or more things 3. to join; to unify

interaction: 1. the act of communicating and acting with other individuals

interminable: 1. continual 2. without end 3. tedious

internal: 1. found or existing within certain limits 2. inner 3. interior

interpret: 1. to understand something in a certain way 2. to explain something or make it possible to understand 3. to convert someone's spoken words into another language

intervention: 1. the act of becoming involved in something

intrepid: very bold or brave and showing no fear of dangerous situations; fearless

intrinsic: 1. inherent 2. relating to the basic nature of something 3. fundamental

intuitive: 1. of, relating to, or arising from intuition; instinctive 2. known or perceived through intuition

inundate: overwhelm (someone or something) by sending or providing with a large amount of things at the same time

invective: 1. severe or abusive language used to blame, criticize or insult

inveterate: 1. established or habitual 2. deep-rooted 3. settled in a habit and unlikely to change

invidious: 1. arousing anger or envy in others 2. causing animosity due to unfairness 2. offensive

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inviolable: 1. incorruptible 2. indestructible 3. unable to be violated or attacked due to its sacred status

involve: 1. to engage 2. to include something as necessary 3. to cause a person to participate or get involved

irascible: becoming angry very easily

irate: feeling or showing extreme anger; very angry; enraged

ire: 1. intense anger 2. wrath 3. rage

ironic: 1. using words that literally mean the opposite of what the speaker or writer wants to say, especially when one wants to express humor

irony: a method of humorous or subtly sarcastic expression in which the intended meaning of the words is different from and often opposite to their literal meaning

irrational: 1. not behaving or thinking in a sensible or reasonable manner 2. absurd 3. not logical

irrevocable: 1. unable to be taken away 2. unable to be changed 3. final

isolate: 1. to seclude someone or something 2. to place something in quarantine 3. to separate something or someone

isolated: 1. separated from others 2. occurring just one time

issue: topic

item: 1. a single object 2. a piece of news 3. a subject to be discussed or dealt with

jaded: 1. feeling or showing a lack of interest and excitement because something has been experienced too many times 2. worn out or wearied, as by overwork or overuse; tired

jaunt: 1. a short trip or journey taken for fun or pleasure

jeopardize: 1. to put something or someone in danger or at risk 2. to threaten

journal: 1. a newspaper or magazine 2. a magazine that contains articles about a specific subject 3. a written record of the day 4. a logbook

jovial: 1. (of a person ) cheerful, friendly, and good-humored 2. (of a situation ) enjoyable because of being friendly and pleasant

jubilant: 1. thrilled 2. feeling and expressing great joy 3. expressing extreme happiness, often due to a victory or success

judicious: having, applying, or showing reason and good judgment or sense in making decisions

jurisprudence: 1. the theory or science of law 2. a system, body or department of law

label: 1. a piece of material on an object that gives information about the object 2. a name or phrase assigned to a person to classify them, often in an unfair manner 3. a company that produces music

lackadaisical: feeling or showing a lack of interest, enthusiasm, or determination; carelessly lazy

laconic: using very few words in speech, writing, or expression; terse; concise

laggard: someone or something that is very slow or late in doing things and always falling behind others

languid: 1. lacking enthusiasm, energy, or strength; without interest or spirit 2. (of a period of time) relaxed and pleasant 3. weak or faint from illness or fatigue 4. slow in progress; tardy

languish: 1. to become weaker 2. to suffer through a difficult, unwanted situation over an extended period of time 3. to long for something or someone 4. to be ignored or neglected

larceny: 1. theft 2. the act of taking someone else's property and acting as if it is now yours

latent: exists but is not active, obvious, completely developed, or cannot be seen

laudable: deserving or worthy of praise

lavish: 1. extravagant or expensive 2. liberal in one's spending or giving of money 3. impressive 4. generous 5. sumptuous

lax: 1. not as strict or strong 2. loose 3. not careful

lecture: 1. a speech or lesson about a specific subject 2. a speech that is open to to the public 3. a long and serious scolding

legal: 1. allowed or permitted by law 2. related or connected to law

legerdemain: 1. trickery or skillful deceit 2. a sleight of hand or cleverly executed trick

legion: 1. a large number 2. a group of many soldiers which forms part of an army

legislate: 1. to create and pass laws

legislation: 1. laws 2. the act of lawmaking

lethargic: 1. sluggish or drowsy; tired or slightly tired 2. apathetic

levity: 1. lack of seriousness, especially when strictness is required or appropriate 2. frivolity 3. fickleness

liberal: 1. tolerant or open-minded 2. in favor of personal rights and freedoms 3. in favor of reform and progressive policies 4. generous

licentious: 1. amoral or lascivious 2. showing little to no respect for laws or social norms 3. not restrained

livid: 1. extraordinarily angry 2. of a blue or bluish color; the same color as a bruise 3. pallid

locate: 1. to find 2. to situate 3. to be in a certain place 4. to discover the exact position

location: 1. the place where someone or something can be found 2. place

lofty: 1. elevated; high 2. arrogant; thinking that one is better or more important than others 3. tall

logic: 1. a specific or formal way of thinking 2. the scientific study of the processes used when humans reason or think

longevity: 1. long life 2. the length or duration of life 3. long existence or service

lucid: 1. very clear and easy to understand 2. clear; transparent 3. able to think clearly

lucrative: producing a lot of wealth or profit; profitable

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ludicrous: 1. absurd 2. laughable; deserving of or causing laughter 3. ridiculous

lugubrious: very sad, mournful, dismal, or gloomy, especially in a way that seems exaggerated, ridiculous, or insincere way

luscious: 1. sweet 2. pleasant to taste or smell 3. delightful for any of the senses 4. exceptionally physically attractive

magnanimous: 1. kind, generous, or forgiving in overlooking injury or insult, especially towards a rival or less powerful person; free from petty resentfulness or vindictiveness 2. high-minded; generous and noble

maintain: 1. to keep something at the same level, rate or condition 2. to continue 3. to firmly declare or assert

maintenance: 1. financial support given from one ex-spouse to another 2. upkeep 3. the act of maintaining

major: 1. quite important 2. serious 3. large 4. more important

malady: 1. an illness, disease or ailment 2. a major problem

malevolent: causing or wanting to cause harm or evil to another or others; malicious; evil

mallet: 1. a hammer or a hammer-like tool 2. a stick with a spherical padded head that is used to play specific percussion instruments 3. a long-handled wooden hammer used to play croquet

manipulate: 1. to change or modify, especially to suit one's purposes 2. to handle 3. to influence or control someone

marginal: 1. not important 2. quite small 3. on the margin or border

marsupial: 1. any animal that has a pouch in which its young stay until they are fully developed and able to survive outside of the pouch

mature: 1. to grow old 2. to develop 3. to ripen

maverick: a person who refuses to follow the customs or rules of or resists adherence to a group

maxim: 1. a general truth that someone lives by 2. a rule of conduct 3. a proverb

maximum: 1. the highest possible amount or largest quantity

meager: 1. meek or feeble 2. inadequate 3. deficient in quantity; less than is needed or necessary

melancholy: a feeling of sadness, depression, and of being without hope, typically with no obvious cause

menagerie: 1. a collection of animals that are kept in cages and exhibited for the public 2. a place where a collection of animals is kept 3. a diverse group

mendacious: 1. deceptive and untruthful 2. false 3. lying

mercurial: 1. changing mood or opinion unexpectedly, suddenly, and often 2. volatile; erratic; unstable 3. lively and continuously active

method: 1. a way of doing something 2. an approach 3. a technique

meticulous: 1. extremely concerned with details 2. thorough and precise 3. finicky

migrate: 1. to move from one region or country to another

migration: 1. the movement of people or animals from one reason to another, based on a variety of different reasons

minimum: 1. the smallest or least amount of something possible 2. the smallest size possible

ministry: 1. a government department that is in charge of a specific task or subject 2. the job of being a preacher or a priest

minor: 1. of little importance 2. small or secondary 3. not valuable 4. not serious

minute: extremely small

miserly: 1. a person who is reluctant or unhappy to spend money 2. a person who is not charitable or thoughtful with others

misnomer: a name, term, designation, or description that is incorrect or unsuitable for a person or thing

mitigate: make something less severe, serious, painful, harmful, unpleasant, or bad

mode: 1. a fashion 2. a way of doing something or performing a task

modify: 1. to make changes to something 2. to adjust or alter

monotonous: 1. repetitive and boring 2. lacking variety 3. dull 4. wearisome

morose: 1. austere and churlish 2. ill-tempered 3. bleak or dreary in nature 4. showing a gloomy attitude

motivation: 1. the enthusiasm, interest or reason for doing something

motive: 1. one of the reasons behind someone's behavior 2. something that inspires someone to behave in a certain way 3. a motif

mundane: 1. ordinary and not interesting or exciting 2. relating to the world and practical matters instead of heavenly or spiritual ones; worldly; earthly

mutual: 1. shared between two or more parties 2. held in common

myriad: 1. a large number, often one that is too large to count 2. a great deal of people or things

nebulous: 1. vague; ambiguous; missing a definitive shape or definition 2. cloud-like 3. misty; foggy

nefarious: extremely wicked; criminal; evil; immoral; sinful

negative: 1. pessimistic 2. harmful or bad 3. expressing or showing "no" 4. expressing disapproval

neutral: 1. impartial 2. not supporting either side involved in a conflict

nevertheless: 1. in spite of 2. notwithstanding 3. however

nomadic: 1. constantly moving from place to place without a fixed pattern 2. itinerant 3. pertaining to a wandering tribe

nonchalant: coolly unconcerned, indifferent, or unexcited; relaxed, calm, and not worried about anything; not displaying anxiety, interest, or enthusiasm

nondescript: 1. lacking any characteristic or quality which marks something as different or individual 2. very ordinary 3. dull; drab; plain

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nonentity: 1. something that doesn't exist 2. something imaginary 3. someone or something that is not important

norm: 1. a rule or standard 2. a pattern or something that is expected 3. a model

nostalgia: 1. homesickness; a longing for one's home or hometown 2. a feeling of sadness and pleasure when thinking about events or things from the past; sentimentality

notion: 1. an idea, belief or opinion about something

novel: 1. new 2. different from anything that has previously existed 3. surprisingly new or unusual

novice: a person who is new and not experienced in a job or situation

noxious: 1. detrimental to living beings 2. something that is dangerous for one's physical health

nuance: a small variation in meaning, tone or feeling

nuclear: 1. related to or employing nuclear weapons or energy 2. related to the nucleus of an atom

objective: 1. fair and impartial 2. unbiased 3. based on facts and not affected by feelings 4. actual

oblique: 1. possessing a slanting or sloping angle or direction; inclined 2. not expressing something in a clear or direct manner

obliterate: 1. to totally destroy 2. to make something disappear completely 3. to get rid of, erase or cover completely

obscure: 1. not famous or well-known 2. difficult to see 3. faint; vague 4. unnoticeable 5. mysterious

obsequious: 1. overly attentive or eager to flatter others 2. excessive obedience or flattery, often in order to gain favors from people of influence

obsolete: 1. outdated or old-fashioned 2. no longer in use 3. antiquated

obstinate: 1. unreasonably stubborn and unwilling to change one's opinion or attitude 2. troublesome to deal with, change or remove

obtain: 1. to get 2. to acquire 3. to procure

obtuse: annoyingly insensitive or slow to understand explanations or situations quickly

occur: 1. to take place 2. to happen 3. to exist

odious: 1. something that causes strong dislike or hatred 2. repulsive or vile

offset: 1. to balance or counteract something 2. to compensate

olfactory: 1. related to one's sense of smell

ominous: 1. threatening or suggestive that something bad is going to occur 2. inauspicious

omnipotent: 1. possessing infinite power 2. having an enormous influence 3. all-powerful

omniscient: 1. possessing unlimited knowledge 2. knowing, or seemingly knowing, everything

opaque: 1. not letting light pass through; not transparent or translucent 2. difficult to understand or explain

option: 1. the ability or right to choose 2. a choice or something that can be chosen

opulent: 1. expensive and luxurious 2. very wealthy, rich, or affluent 3. richly supplied; abundant or plentiful

oracle: 1. a message or answer from God 2. a message, order or response communicated by God to the prophets

orator: an eloquent and skilled public speaker

ordain: 1. to formally make or declare someone a preacher, priest or other religious leader 2. to formally declare or order 3. to establish by law or other rules

orthodox: 1. conventional or acceptable by the general public 2. traditional or old-fashioned in one's beliefs 3. a strict observer of a certain faith

ostentatious: 1. pretentious or showy display, as of wealth, knowledge, etc., in an attempt to attract attention, admiration, or envy 2. designed to impress

oust: 1. to eject someone from a place or a role 2. to force someone out of a position

outcome: 1. the result or consequence 2. the effect

output: 1. production over a specific period of time 2. yield 3. energy or power produced by a system or machine

overt: 1. transparent; done or displayed in public 2. not hidden 3. clear and apparent

pacifist: 1. a person who is totally opposed to the use of violence or force 2. a person opposed to the military who refuses to participate in military activities

pacify: 1. to ease a tense situation or someone's anger 2. to cause calm or peace to come to a previously tense situation 3. to put an end to violence or conflict

palatable: 1. tasty 2. fit to be consumed by humans 3. acceptable

panacea: 1. a cure for any malady 2. something that people think will cure any difficulty or problem

paradigm: 1. something that serves as an example or a model 2. accepted ideas or practices that are used in order to explain or view a shared reality

paradox: 1. something that sounds untrue or impossible but might be possible or true 2. something that contradicts itself or has opposite qualities

paragraph: 1. a portion of a text that centers around one specific idea

parallel: 1. not intersecting 2. occurring at the same time 3. extending in the same direction

paramount: 1. supreme 2. more important than any other thing

parasite: 1. any animal or plant that lives on and feeds on another animal or plant

parch: 1. to scorch the surface of something through exposure to light or heat 2. to cause something to become extremely dry 3. to expose certain food products (grains, corn, etc.) to extreme heat in order to roast them

parched: 1. very dry especially because of hot weather and no rain 2. make dry, hot, or thirsty 3. dry (peas, beans, grain, etc.) by exposure to heat without burning; toast or roast slightly

pariah: 1. a person who is looked down upon or rejected by society, often because they are not trusted or respected 2. an outcast

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parody: 1. a work of art such as a text or a play which is created to poke fun at or ridicule another work 2. to poke fun at someone or something

parsimony: 1. unwillingness to spend money when it is not absolutely necessary 2. extreme frugality

participate: 1. to be involved in something 2. to take part

partisan: 1. strongly prejudiced in favor of something 2. one-sided or partial 3. someone who is devoted to a political party

passive: 1. inactive 2. complacent 3. submissive 4. inert

patronize: 1. to support something or someone financially 2. to act in a condescending way towards someone

pedestrian: 1. ordinary; dull 2. commonplace 3. undistinguished

peevish: disagreeable, irritable or ill-tempered

pellucid: 1. simple to understand 2. clear, transparent or translucent; allowing the passage of light

pensive: 1. contemplative 2. appearing as if lost in thought, especially about something serious or sad 3. thoughtful

penurious: someone who is tight-fisted and unwilling to part with his or her money

percent: 1. out of one hundred 2. a part of one hundred

perfidious: deliberately faithless; treacherous; deceitful

perfunctory: 1. an action performed in a routine and careless manner 2. acting in a way which shows a lack of interest

perjury: 1. the act of lying or giving false information while under oath 2. the breaking of an oath or a promise

persist: 1. to persevere 2. to continue despite difficulty 3. to stand firm

persistent: 1. unending; unstopping 2. constant 3. stubborn; not willing to give up

perspective: 1. a vista or view 2. a way of looking at or examining something 3. an outlook

perusal: 1. the act of carefully looking at or examining something 2. the attentive reading or study of something

petrify: 1. to make something become hard or stone like 2. to freeze with horror or fear 3. to make hard or inflexible

petulant: easily, suddenly, frequently, childishly, or unreasonably annoyed, irritable, or bad-tempered, especially over trivial matters

phase: 1. a stage (of time) 2. a period of time in a person's life

phenomenon: 1. an extraordinary person or thing 2. an observable fact or occurrence 3. something remarkable

philosophy: 1. the study of human morals and behavior 2. ideas and theories about something 3. the way someone thinks about life 4. a theory or belief that guides someone's behavior

physical: 1. related to the body 2. related to something one can see and touch; tangible

piety: 1. devoutness, love or reverence to God 2. devoutness shown through actions or one's daily life

pinnacle: 1. the peak 2. the highest point 3. a tall and pointed formation 4. the most important or successful part of a person's life

placid: 1. peaceful and undisturbed 2. serene, with a lack of movement or activity 3. showing calm

plethora: a large or excessive amount of (something), especially a larger amount than you need, want, or can deal with; overabundance; excess

plummet: 1. to fall suddenly or drastically 2. to plunge

podium: 1. a platform that is raised above the ground which people stand on to give a speech, receive a prize, or to conduct a musical group

policy: 1. a course of action decided upon by an organization, a group of people, a government or a political party 2. guidelines

portent: 1. a warning about something that is going to occur in the future 2. an indication or sign that something is going to happen, especially referring to negative events

posterity: 1. future generations 2. one's descendants

posthumous: 1. taking place after death 2. published after death

potent: 1. extremely powerful or effective 2. influential 3. possessing great authority or power

potential: 1. possible 2. able to occur 3. capable of developing or happening

practice: the expected procedure or way of doing something

preamble: 1. the introduction to a written document or a speech 2. an introductory statement

precarious: 1. something that is not certain 2. risky or subject to chance 3. something which lacks security and is in a possibly dangerous situation

precede: 1. to exist before something 2. to come before 3. to have a higher rank than someone

precipitate: 1. cause (something) to happen quickly, suddenly, unexpectedly, or prematurely before expected, warranted, needed, or desired 2. throw headlong; hurl downward 3. fall; fall downward suddenly and dramatically

precise: 1. accurate; exact 2. meticulous or exacting

preclude: 1. to make something impossible or prevent 2. to deter or impede something from happening

predecessor: 1. the previous occupant of a post or a role 2. something that comes before another related thing

predicament: 1. a difficult, uncomfortable, embarrassing or dangerous situation that is often difficult to get out of

predict: 1. to say that something is going to happen before it actually does 2. to foretell 3. to announce in advance

predilection: 1. a personal preference towards something 2. a special liking of something

preeminent: 1. superior 2. excelling or more important than others 3. outstanding

preliminary: 1. introductory 2. leading up to the main event or thing

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presume: 1. to believe something is true, despite not knowing whether or not it is 2. to act in a certain way, even though you don't have the right to behave that way

presumptuous: going beyond what is right or proper and not showing enough respect, especially because of an excess of self-confidence or arrogance

pretentious: trying to appear or sound as more impressive, successful, or important than someone really is, especially in matters of art and literature

pretext: a false reason or motive that you pretend to have in order to hide your real reason or motive for doing something; excuse

prevaricate: 1. stray away from or avoid telling the truth by not directly answering a question 2. speak or act falsely or misleadingly

previous: 1. anterior 2. something coming or occurring before another event 3. prior

primary: 1. fundamental; principal 2. basic 3. essential 4. happening first

principal: 1. most important 2. main 3. first in rank or order

principle: 1. a basic rule or law 2. a standard of behavior or morals

prior: 1. coming before 2. preceding 3. previous or former

priority: 1. something that is considered to be extremely important and has the ability to take place before other things 2. possessing the right to come before others

pristine: 1. unspoiled; uncorrupted 2. new and in good condition 3. pure

procedure: 1. a way of doing something 2. a medical treatment 3. course of action

proceed: 1. to continue onward 2. to advance 3. to begin something

process: 1. a series of happenings or actions that lead to a specific result 2. a naturally occurring series of changes

procure: 1. obtain something, especially with care, effort, or difficulty 2. obtain (a sexual partner, especially woman) for another, for the purpose of prostitution

prodigal: 1. carelessly and foolishly wasting a lot of money, time, or supplies, etc. 2. extremely generous; lavish 3. extremely abundant; profuse

prodigious: 1. very great or impressive in size, force, or extent; enormous 2. extraordinary; marvelous; wonderful; amazing

prohibit: 1. to forbid or ban 2. to not allow or permit 3. to officially ban

project: 1. a scheme or a plan 2. a proposal 3. a task which requires work to be done

prolific: 1. producing a large amount of something, especially fruit, offspring or works 2. bountiful, fruitful or productive

promote: 1. to raise in rank 2. to encourage or support 3. to encourage people to buy something 4. to give publicity to

propitious: 1. likely to result in or show success 2. something advantageous 3. benevolent; favorable

proponent: 1. a person who is actively in favor of something 2. a supporter 3. an advocate

proportion: 1. the amount of something in relation to the whole 2. the comparative size or degree 3. the relation between size and number

prospective: 1. something in the future that is expected or predicted to happen 2. probable or likely to happen

prosperity: a successful, flourishing, or thriving condition, especially in financial respects; good fortune, wealth, success, etc.

protagonist: 1. one of the main characters of a story 2. a leader of a cause or movement

protean: 1. ever changing 2. versatile and able to change form, shape or meaning quickly 3. able to play many roles

protocol: 1. the rules and regulations governing certain situations 2. a record of a transaction 3. a formal diplomatic agreement between two or more countries

provident: 1. making arrangements for the future and showing foresight 2. preparing for the future, especially by saving money for possible emergencies

provincial: 1. from or related to a specific province 2. an unsophisticated person from the country 3. showing narrow-minded or unsophisticated thought or ideas

prudent: 1. careful, and using good judgment in practical matters 2. careful in regard to one's own interests; provident 3. cautious or discreet in conduct; circumspect; not rash

publish: 1. to make a document available in digital or print format 2. to make something public or known

pundit: 1. an expert or educated person on a specific subject 2. an authority on a specific subject who often makes public declarations on the subject

pursue: 1. to follow someone or something 2. to hunt for or look for

quaint: 1. picturesque 2. old-fashioned 3. interesting or appealing yet quirky in an old-fashioned way

qualitative: 1. relating to the quality of something

quandary: 1. a dilemma or a problem 2. a state of uncertainty 3. a state of doubt or confusion

quarantine: 1. forced isolation in which a person or an item is kept away from the public in order to avoid the spread of an infection

querulous: often complaining, especially in a way that annoys other people

quixotic: having or showing ideas, plans, hope, etc. that are not practical or likely to succeed; unrealistic and impractical

quotation: 1. specific words that have been directly taken from a certain source 2. the act of using someone else's words

radical: 1. extreme; drastic 2. supporting drastic changes 3. very important 4. new and different

ramble: 1. to walk about or move about in an aimless manner 2. to follow a winding path 3. to write or talk in an aimless, uncontrolled manner 4. to stroll or walk for pleasure

ramshackle: (especially of buildings or vehicles) in a very bad condition and likely to fall down; out of repair; likely to fall to pieces; shaky

random: 1. possessing no specific plan or structure 2. done by chance

range: 1. a set of things that are similar 2. the upper and lower limits 3. the period of time in which something can happen

rant: 1. to talk or write in an excited, hurried or violent manner

rapport: a friendly relationship, especially of mutual trust, respect, or emotional affinity

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rash: 1. not cautious 2. acting without pausing to think 3. reckless

ratify: (especially of governments or organizations) make (a treaty, contract, or agreement) official by signing it or formally accepting it

ratio: 1. a rate 2. the relationship between two numbers or amounts

rational: 1. logical 2. using reason to make decisions or act 3. sensible

raucous: loud, harsh, and disturbing noise

ravenous: 1. extremely or wildly hungry; voracious 2. very eager for prey or gratification

raze: 1. completely destroy a city, building, etc. 2. scrape or shave off; erase

recalcitrant: 1. (of a person ) stubbornly refusing to obey authority, discipline, rules, orders, etc. 2. (of an animal ) refusing to be controlled

receptacle: 1. any container or device for holding substances or objects 2. a vessel used to hold things

recessive: tending to go backward or recede

recluse: a person who lives alone and tends to avoid other people, often for religious meditation

reclusive: living alone and avoiding the company of other people, often for religious meditation; solitary

recuperate: 1. to get better or recover from illness, financial loss or misfortune

redundant: 1. superfluous 2. unnecessarily wordy 3. not needed

referendum: 1. a direct vote in which the general public votes on the answer to a specific question or issue 2. a note or letter from a diplomat to his or her home country, asking for instructions

refine: 1. to purify; to take impurities out of something 2. to make changes in order to improve something

refute: 1. to prove that something is not correct or true 2. to deny something

regale: 1. to entertain someone with food or drink; to feast 2. to entertain someone with a story or something amusing

regime: 1. a government that is currently in power 2. a system of rules 3. a political system 4. a management system

region: 1. a specific part of the world; a large area of land where the people or land possesses similar characteristics 2. a district 3. a part of the body

regulate: 1. to create and impose rules for something 2. to adjust to ensure accuracy 3. to control; to manage

reinforce: 1. to make something stronger 2. to enhance something 3. to support an idea by giving evidence or reasons

relegate: 1. put (someone or something) into a lower or less important rank or position 2. refer, commit, or hand over for decision, action, etc. 3. (UK) moved down to a lower division

relevant: 1. related to the issue being discussed or debated 2. pertinent 3. connected to an issue

relinquish: 1. give up (something, such as power, control, or possession), especially when you do not want to do this; retire from; abandon 2. surrender 3. let go (a grasp, hold, etc.)

reluctant: 1. unwilling to do something 2. uneager to do something

rely: 1. to depend on 2. to trust 3. to have confidence in

remorse: 1. strong pain or sadness about something you have done and feel guilty about 2. regret

replete: 1. completely stuffed; full, especially referring to food 2. well supplied

reprehensible: unacceptable, very bad, and deserving to be criticized

reprimand: a severe, formal, or official rebuke, disapproval, or censure

reproach: express disapproval of, criticism of, or disappointment in (someone), especially for not being successful or not doing what is expected

require: 1. to make something obligatory 2. to expect 3. to need something

research: 1. to investigate 2. to make inquiries in order to find out information 3. to carefully study something in order to find out new information

reside: 1. to inhabit 2. to live in a certain place 3. to exist

resilient: (of a substance or object) bouncing or springing back into shape, position, etc. after being pulled, stretched, pressed, bent, etc. 2. able to quickly become strong, healthy, happy, or successful again after an illness, disappointment, or other problem

resolution: 1. a decision that is made by a group through a voting process 2. a personal promise to oneself 3. a formal statement of intent or opinion

resolve: 1. firm or strong determination 2. a resolution made by a legislative body; a ruling

resource: 1. material used to do or make something 2. a supply of something that can be used when required 3. a country's tools for generating wealth

respond: 1. to answer 2. to react in a favorable way

restive: 1. impatient and restless 2. not willing to be controlled 3. difficult to control, usually due to dissatisfaction or boredom

restore: 1. to bring something back to its original condition 2. to make something new again

restrain: 1. to hold back or put limits on someone or something 2. to curb 3. to keep under control

restrict: 1. to limit 2. to physically confine 3. to keep under control

revenue: 1. income 2. money that an organization, government or company receives from different sources

revere: 1. to honor or respect someone very much 2. to venerate or worship

reverence: a feeling or attitude of deep respect, admiration, love, and awe for someone or something

reverent: feeling, showing, or characterized by great respect and admiration; deeply respectful

revise: 1. to check something and make changes to make sure that it is acceptable 2. to change or amend 3. to alter

rhetoric: 1. a style of speaking or writing that is intended to influence people and that may not be honest or reasonable 2. the art, skill, or study of using language formally and effectively in speaking or writing

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rhetorical: of, relating to, or concerned with the art of speaking or writing that is effective or intended to influence, persuade, or impress people and that may not be honest or reasonable

rigor: 1. strictness, harshness, or severity 2. exactitude 3. inflexibility

robust: 1. healthy 2. hardy or strong 3. sturdy and able to withstand detrimental conditions 4. successful

role: 1. the part that a performer in theater acts out 2. one's proper function in society 3. a person's function

rouse: 1. wake (someone) from sleep 2. cause (someone who is tired, lazy, or unwilling to do something) to become active 3. make angry or excited, as to anger or action; stir up 4. (nautical) pull or haul strongly and all together, especially by hand

ruminate: 1. to think about something carefully over a long period of time 2. to meditate on 3. to chew on cud

sacrosanct: 1. something that is considered to be sacred 2. something considered far too important to be subjected to changes

sagacious: having or showing acute mental discernment and keen practical sense and the ability to make good practical decisions

sanction: 1. official permission or approval, as for an action 2. a threat to punish someone for breaking a law or rule 3. an official order, such as the limiting or stopping of trade, that is taken against a country in order to force it to obey international laws

satire: the use of humor, irony, exaggeration, or ridicule to expose and criticize someone or something and make them seem foolish, weak, bad, etc.

saturate: 1. make something completely wet with water or other liquid so that no more can be absorbed 2. cause (a substance) to combine with, dissolve, or hold the greatest possible amount of another substance

scheme: 1. an elaborate plan that is devised in order to gain something and, often, trick people 2. an official plan

scope: the range of one's perceptions, thoughts, or actions; extent; bound

scrutinize: examine or inspect (something) closely, thoroughly, and very carefully

secure: 1. safe 2. free from danger or worry 3. strong or stable

security: 1. safety 2. a general freedom from risks

sequence: 1. the order or pattern in which things happen or take place 2. a set of things that is put in a specific order

serene: 1. tranquil, peaceful or calm 2. bright or clear 3. untroubled or unaffected

servile: 1. too eager to serve, please, or obey others 2. of a slave or slaves

shrewd: having or showing sharp powers to understand things and to make good judgments in practical affairs; astute

significant: 1. quite important 2. suggesting or showing a meaning 3. noticeable or detectable 4. noteworthy

similar: 1. related to something else 2. nearly the same, but not exactly the same 3. comparable

simile: (the use of) a phrase that describes something by comparing it to something else, always including the words 'as' or 'like'

simulate: 1. to reproduce a situation 2. to feign 3. to do something that looks as if it is real when it truly is not

skeptical: 1. having, showing or marked by doubt 2. doubting 3. questioning

skirmish: 1. a short or small battle 2. a minor fight in a much larger conflict 3. a squabble or a short argument

solicit: 1. to ask for something, often through a formal process 2. to petition

solicitous: 1. showing care, attention, or concern about someone's health, feelings, safety, etc. 2. showing anxious desire; eager

source: 1. the place in which something originates or which someone comes from 2. a point or place of origin 3. a person who provides information

sparse: 1. not dense or thick 2. small in amount and not dense or crowded 3. scanty

specify: 1. to designate 2. to state in an explicit manner 3. to be specific

specious: seeming to be right or true, but in fact wrong or false

sphere: 1. a globe; a ball shaped object 2. an area of knowledge, study or expertise

spontaneous: 1. happening or done in a natural, often sudden way, without being planned or thought about 2. growing without cultivation or human labor, as plants and fruits

spurious: 1. not genuine, authentic, or true; counterfeit 2. based on false ideas or bad reasoning

spurn: refuse or reject with contempt or disdain, especially because you feel that something or someone does not deserve your respect, attention, affection, etc.

squander: spend or use (money, time, supplies, or an opportunity) wastefully or extravagantly

stable: 1. constant 2. unwavering 3. strongly fixed 4. firmly established

stagnant: 1. (of water or air ) not flowing or moving, and often smells bad 2. not active, changing, or progressing

stanza: 1. a part of a poem that is presented in paragraph form

static: not moving, acting, or progressing, especially in an undesirable or uninteresting way

status: 1. one's standing in relation to others 2. one's position in society 3. a state of things or events

staunch: very committed or loyal to a person, belief, or cause

steadfast: 1. very committed or loyal to a person, belief, or cause 2. not changing, fickle, or wavering; constant

stereotype: 1. an oversimplified way of looking at something 2. a simple and unwavering idea about what a certain person or group of people are like

stifle: 1. to hide or conceal something 2. to repress 3. to suffocate or smother 4. to prevent something from happening

stoic: 1. not showing emotion or complaining, even when something bad happens 2. unemotional 3. indifferent to pleasure and pain

straightforward: 1. clear and easy to understand 2. frank; honest 3. direct

stratagem: 1. a military plan designed to surprise or trick the enemy 2. a clever and deceptive scheme for achieving a specific goal

strategy: 1. a detailed plan of action 2. a way to approach a specific goal

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strident: 1. (of a sound) loud, unpleasant, and rough 2. presenting a point of view, especially a controversial one, in a way that offends some people

structure: 1. a free-standing building made from different parts 2. the way in which something is organized 3. the quality of being organized

style: 1. a way of doing or expressing something 2. fashion 3. quality or attractiveness in design

subordinate: 1. from a lower rank or position 2. inferior 3. less important

subsequent: 1. following 2. succeeding 3. happening after something else

subservient: 1. very willing or too willing to obey others unquestioningly 2. considered less important than something or someone else; subordinate

subtle: 1. thin, tenuous, or rarefied, as a fluid or an odor 2. not obvious, and so slight as to be difficult to notice, see, detect, or describe 3. able to make fine distinctions 4. making use of clever and indirect methods to achieve something

succulent: 1. (of food) tender, juicy, and tasty 2. (of a plant) having thick, fleshy, water-storing leaves or stems 3. full of interest, vigor, etc.; not dry or dull

sufficient: 1. enough as necessary 2. adequate

summary: 1. an explanation of something giving the main points or ideas of the original document or argument 2. a recapitulation

supercilious: behaving or looking as though you are better or more important than everyone else, and that their opinions, beliefs, or ideas are not important

superfluous: being more than is needed, useful, or wanted; surplus; excessive

suppress: 1. end or stop (something) by force 2. keep (something) secret; keep from appearing or being known, published, etc. 3. stop yourself feeling, showing, or being affected by an emotion

surfeit: 1. an excessive or too large amount or supply of something 2. overeat or feed to excess 3. disgust caused by excess

surreptitious: 1. obtained, done, or made in a secret, stealthy way, especially because it would not be approved of; clandestine; secret or unauthorized 2. acting in a secret, stealthy way

susceptible: 1. easily influenced or harmed by something 2. (of a person) easily affected emotionally; sensitive 3. a person who is vulnerable to being infected by a certain disease, or to be affected by it more severely than others are

sustain: 1. to bear or to hold 2. to support 3. to keep something alive 4. to provide for 5. to deal with

sycophant: a self-seeking person who attempts to win favor by flattering rich or influential people

symbol: 1. a sign 2. a shape, object or picture which is used to represent something 3. something used to represent or show an idea

taciturn: tending not to speak much; not liking to talk; uncommunicative

tactful: careful not to say or do anything that could offend or upset other people

talisman: 1. a good luck charm 2. an object that is believed to possess magical powers

tangible: 1. palpable 2. able to be felt or touched 3. real

tantamount: 1. of an equal amount of value, force, etc. 2. having an equal effect as something 3. equivalent to

task: 1. to assign a job to someone 2. to place a burden on someone

technical: 1. mechanical 2. specialized 3. having or requiring specialized knowledge

technique: 1. a way of performing a specific task 2. a method of doing something or carrying out a task 3. a technical skill

technology: 1. the use of scientific knowledge for practical purposes, with special reference to its use in industry 2. applied sciences

teem: 1. be full of things; abound or swarm; move in large numbers 2. be present in large quantity

temerity: 1. recklessness or disregard for danger or consequences 2. foolish boldness 3. audacity

temperate: 1. emotionally calm and controlled 2. not extreme in behavior or language 3. (of weather conditions) neither very hot nor very cold

temporary: 1. limited 2. not lasting or permanent 3. passing 4. brief

tense: 1. tight 2. pulled to its limit 3. nervous or stressed 4. rigid

tension: 1. a feeling of nervousness before something 2. a feeling of anger or hostility between two or more people 3. the degree to which a string, rope or wire is tensed

tentative: 1. provisional 2. not fixed or positive 3. experimental 4. hesitant or without confidence; uncertain

termination: 1. the conclusion to or end of something 2. the act of ending something

terse: 1. short or curt, often in a way that is interpreted as unfriendly 2. concise and to the point

text: 1. a piece of writing such as a book 2. all the words that were said in a speech 3. written words

theme: 1. the topic or subject discussed in a book, essay, conversation, debate, etc. 2. a subject that is brought up frequently 3. the style upon which something is based

therapeutic: 1. possessing curative powers 2. used to make someone healthier or happier 3. producing a positive effect on the body or mind

thesis: 1. the subject to be written about or debated in an essay 2. a long study written while one is studying one's doctoral degree 3. the main idea of a written work

tirade: a long, angry speech criticizing or accusing someone or something

titter: 1. to giggle 2. to laugh softly and in a nervous manner

topic: 1. a subject that is currently being examined or discussed in a conversation, book, essay, article, etc. 2. a theme

tortuous: 1. full of twists, turns, or bends 2. complicated, long, and confusing

tractable: 1. (of a person) easily managed, taught, or controlled 2. (of a situation or problem) easy to deal with

tradition: 1. heritage 2. behavior and customs that are passed from one generation to the next 3. an old custom

tranquil: 1. calm 2. relaxed 3. free from disturbances 4. quiet

transform: 1. to change something 2. to convert 3. to totally change something in an attempt to make it more attractive or improve it

transgress: 1. to surpass the limits of what is considered by society to be acceptable 2. to sin 3. to go beyond

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transient: existing, happening, or staying somewhere for only a short time; temporary

transit: 1. the act of passing through a certain location 2. a public system of transportation 3. the act of moving people or goods from one place to another

transition: 1. the conversion from one state to another 2. to cause someone or something to convert from one state to another

transmit: 1. to convey 2. to send across 3. to communicate or broadcast 4. to give a virus or illness to others 5. to pass from one person to another

transport: 1. to carry something 2. to bring something from one point to another 3. to move goods or people using vehicles

trenchant: 1. clear-cut 2. forceful, vigorous, or severe especially when referring to one's arguments or ideas

trend: 1. the general direction in which something is moving or the way people are behaving 2. a fashion 3. a tendency

trifling: of very little value or importance; trivial; insignificant

trinket: 1. a small object or piece of jewelry that is of no great value 2. a small object

trivial: 1. of no real importance 2. ordinary 3. insignificant or minor

truant: 1. a student who avoids school without permission 2. a lazy person 3. a person who avoids or neglects his or her work duties

truculent: easily annoyed or angered and always ready, eager or quick to argue or fight

turgid: 1. pompous or too serious; grandiloquent 2. swollen or bloated

turpitude: depraved, shameful, dishonest, or immoral behavior or character

ubiquitous: present, or seeming to be present everywhere, especially at the same time; omnipresent

ultimate: 1. last 2. found at the end of something 3. the best or the worst of something 4. the most extreme

uncanny: strange or mysterious, especially in a way that is difficult or impossible to explain or understand

unequivocal: 1. clear and easy to understand or see 2. without doubt 3. unambiguous

ungainly: (of a person or movement) awkward; clumsy; not moving in an attractive or graceful way

uniform: 1. a set of clothes that must be worn to be in a specific school or do a specific job 2. an outfit worn by people from a same school or doing the same job

unique: 1. special 2. being the only one of its kind 3. unparalleled 4. extraordinary

unruly: difficult or impossible to discipline, control, or rule

unscathed: 1. safe 2. unharmed or not injured 3. not damaged

unwitting: 1. (of a person) not aware of the full facts; not knowing; unaware; ignorant 2. without knowing or planning; unintentional

urbane: (of a person, especially a man) polite, courteous, and confident in a smooth, polished way

usurp: seize and hold (power, a position, property, rights, etc.) by force or without legal right

utilitarian: 1. useful; practical; not for show 2. capable of being used 3. created with its utility, not its beauty, in mind

vacillate: 1. to change opinions or show indecision 2. to sway or stagger in an unsteady manner 3. to oscillate

vagrant: 1. a homeless person that does not have a job; a rover 2. a bird that is no longer on its proper migratory route

valid: 1. sound 2. binding 3. well-grounded 4. effective 5. possessing legal force

vanquish: completely defeat in a contest, conflict, or competition

vary: 1. to change 2. to fluctuate 3. to alter 4. to differ

vehicle: 1. any device which is used to transport one or more people around 2. a means or way of expressing a certain idea

venal: 1. dishonest and ready to do dishonest things in return for money; open to bribery 2. for sale, available for a price, as by a bribe

venerable: deserving respect, especially because of age, wisdom, character, long use, etc.

venerate: regard or treat (someone or something ) with great respect

verdant: 1. covered in green, often referring to vegetation 2. inexperienced

version: 1. an individual's view about something that happened 2. an adaptation 3. a form of a book or other object that is slightly different from other books or objects

vex: make someone angry, annoyed, confused, or worried, especially with trivial matters

vigilant: carefully watchful and alert to detect and avoid possible danger or difficulties

vignette: 1. a short story 2. a small decorative design found at the start or end of a chapter in a book 3. a small image or drawing which fades into its background

vindicate: 1. clear from criticism, blame, guilt, suspicion, etc. with supporting arguments or proof 2. defend or maintain (a cause, claim, etc.) against opposition

vindictive: having or showing a strong or unreasoning desire for revenge

virtual: 1. not existing in the real, physical world 2. created by a computer or the internet 3. nearly (the thing mentioned) 4. imaginary

virtuoso: a person who has special knowledge or skill in in some fine art, especially playing a musical instrument

visible: 1. able to be seen 2. frequently seen in public; conspicuous 3. obvious

vision: 1. sight 2. the ability to see 3. a mental image 4. something or someone considered to be extremely beautiful

visual: 1. capable of being seen with one's naked eye 2. related to sight 3. relating to things that can be seen

vital: 1. necessary for life 2. related to life 3. showing great energy or liveliness 4. of great importance; crucial

vitriolic: 1. cruel and hateful language 2. marked by notable criticism or sarcasm

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vocation: a particular occupation, business, or profession, especially one for which a person is particularly suited or qualified

vociferous: 1. highly opinionated and loud about one's beliefs 2. clamorous or offensively loud

volatile: 1. (of a substance) vaporizing or evaporating quickly 2. likely to change suddenly and unexpectedly or suddenly become violent or angry; unstable; explosive

voluntary: 1. not obligatory 2. unenforced 3. given or done by choice

voracious: 1. consuming or eager to consume very large amounts of food 2. very eager in some desire, activity or pursuit

wanton: 1. a cruel, malicious or violent action done, shown, used deliberately, unprovokedly and unjustifiably 2. careless; reckless

wary: cautious or nervous about possible dangers or problems; watchful

wayward: 1. difficult to control or predict because someone does only what they want and often does unexpected things; capricious; willful; disobedient 2. turning or changing irregularly; unpredictable; irregular; capricious; erratic

welfare: 1. the well-being of a person or people 2. financial aid from a government to a person in need

whereas: 1. in contrast to the fact that 2. although 3. since

whimsical: 1. strange and unusual in a way that is considered to be amusing or interesting 2. capricious 3. unpredictable and erratic

widespread: 1. able to be found in many different locations 2. extensive 3. popular 4. occupying a wide space

willful: 1. intentional 2. done on purpose, especially with the intention of causing harm 3. deliberate 4. stubborn

wily: 1. cunning 2. capable of deceiving others in order to get what you want 3. clever; sly

winsome: 1. charming and pleasing, often in an innocent or child-like way 2. attractive

wistful: 1. showing longing or sad thinking about the past 2. marked by or inspiring yearning

wrath: 1. extreme anger 2. vengeance or punishment as the consequence of anger

wretched: 1. very unpleasant, unhappy, ill, or unfortunate state or in very bad condition 2. poor in quality or ability; very inferior

zany: 1. crazy or strange 2. funny due to its buffoonish behavior 3. unusual in a humorous way

zeal: great energy, effort, and enthusiasm, as in working for a person, cause, or object

zealot: 1. a fanatically committed person who is uncompromising in pursuit of their religious, political, or other ideals 2. an excessively zealous person; fanatic

zenith: 1. the point in the sky that's directly over one's head 2. the highest point or peak

The following simple English grammar tips and tricks will help you to learn and memorize English grammar rules and speak correctly. If you are on this site for English grammar practice, these tips will really help you. Let's start.

Invest your time in learning

It surely takes some time to learn English. There is no shortcut way to learn it. Some websites may say that they will teach you English in seven days or one month. These are false offers. Invest some time in learning and practicing. Your English skills will surely improve.

Speak, speak, and speak!

Try to speak English the same way you write it. Do not worry about grammatical mistakes. The more you practice, the less mistakes you will make and the more fluent you will be. So, practice daily and do not be afraid of grammatical errors.

Slow down your speaking speed

Your confidence will go down if you try to speak fluently from the very beginning. Give yourself some time. Start with slow speaking speed and increase your speed over time as you make more progress day by day. Slowing down speaking speed has another benefit — you will get enough time to make sentences in your mind before you speak.

The more you practice speaking, the more confident you will be.

Use Mobile apps

Luckily, there are many English learning apps available. Some are free and some are paid apps. If you are a smartphone user, you should install some of these apps in your mobile phone. You can at least install one app and start practicing. A mobile app is a very handy and useful thing to learn at your convenient time. You can start with free apps.

Install and use a dictionary app in your mobile

There are several free dictionary apps that will help you to learn proper pronunciation and new words. It is highly possible that your smartphone already has a dictionary installed. Use it or install a better one.

Try to get a good bilingual dictionary for better understanding. Besides using a mobile app, you can buy and use a good bilingual dictionary. A good bilingual dictionary is always a good investment for personal improvement.

Learn English idioms and phrasal verbs

Idioms and phrasal verbs are very common in everyday English conversation. If you do not know them, you may fail to understand the correct meaning of what the other person is saying. So, do not ignore them. Try to learn the most common English idioms and phrasal verbs.

Listen to news bulletins

Almost every radio and television channel broadcasts news bulletins. If you have a smartphone, radio or television, you can listen to these English news bulletins. Besides learning the correct pronunciation, you can learn correct English. Listening to these bulletins will also improve your fluency. This is a common technique used by English learners.

Read out loud

How does your English sound? The pronunciation style of some people is very bad. But there is a simple and easy way to fix improve pronunciation. Take a newspaper or any other script written in English and read out loud. This way you can hear and test your own pronunciation. If you are not happy with your own pronunciation, keep practicing and your English pronunciation will surely improve.

Learn new words daily

The more words you learn, the better you can understand English and express yourself. You may be surprised to know that learning only the basic words can help you to speak English that is used in communication everyday.

Learn sentences

Besides learning common words, try learning common sentences used in everyday English communication. This will give you a huge boost in your learning efforts.

Write every day

When you write, do not be shy of your mistakes. Try to write at least a few paragraphs, ideally at least one page. It is a great practice to use your newly learned words and practice grammar. This will also improve your writing skills.

Watch English movies

These movies will help you to learn proper pronunciation and improve your understanding of English. When you see how native English speakers speak English, your mind will automatically start copying the style. You can try to speak like them at home to understand the quality of your pronunciation and fluency.

Language swap

There are several websites where you can find people who are native English speakers and want to help your learn English if you teach them your language. This is free and can be a great way to learn from native speakers. Many learners are using this method and you should give a try.

Go to a mentor

A mentor can help you to guide in the right direction. She can measure your progress and suggest whatever you need to improve. You can regularly discuss about your improvement and weakness with your mentor. Oftentimes, she can help you. Your mentor can be someone who is good at English. She can be your school / college / university teacher, your friend or any person good at English.

Try to correct your mistakes

It is common to make mistakes. Every time you make a mistake, write it in a separate piece of paper. Make a list of mistakes. Check your mistakes from time to time and try not to make these mistakes again when you practice. These mistakes are clear and good indications of your weakness in English.

Give yourself time to think

Whenever you make a mistake, you should think how you can avoid this mistake from next time. Take time and assess your progress and weakness.

Be an advance learner

Try to learn advance English grammatical rules and vocabulary. Never be happy with your progress. The more you learn and practice, the better English skills you achieve.

Start with "Tense"

There are mainly three types of tense - past, present and future. Usually, verbs indicate the correct form of each tense. Besides learning tense, you should memorize some verbs too. Do not worry. It is interesting and easy to learn the necessary verbs.

Learn common pronoun usage

Do you know the difference between the common subject pronouns and object pronouns such as I/me, we/us, he/him, she/her, they/them?

We use subject pronouns such as I, we, he she, they when the subject is doing an action. Usually, we use subject pronouns at the beginning of a sentence. Example: I cannot remember the story.

But we do not start a sentence with object pronouns such as me, us, him, her, them. Example: Call him.

Active voice and passive voice

Many English learning students get confused here. In active voice, the subject performs an action. In passive voice, the subject and the object of a sentence swap to form the correct sentence.

Incorrect: The cinema was gone to by me.

Correct: The cinema was enjoyed by me.

Prepositions

A preposition defines the relationship between an object and its surroundings. Without the proper use of prepositions, your English will sound weird. Luckily, there are only a handful of prepositions and these are easy to learn.

Learning new words can be a matter of fun but you need to follow some effective methods to learn new words faster. Read them all in the list below.

Read, read, and read

You will find many new words that you need to learn in novels and literary works. You will be most benefited if you read classic literary books. You should also read magazines and newspapers because these are also good sources of new words that you need to learn. These sources often use high quality English that often contain both common and advance words.

Vocabulary wordbooks

In the bookshops, you will find vocabulary wordbooks that range from beginner to advance levels. You can buy one or more depending on your requirements. These books make it a lot easier to learn because these books come with a complete list of words that is suitable for your level.

Use a journal

During your learning time, you will surely find new words. Add them in your journal. This list will slowly grow. But this journal will help you to measure your progress and show where you need to improve. The journal can inspire you to learn more and faster if you find that you are going slow.

Learn some new words everyday

It is easier and more realistic to digest some new words everyday. If you are determined to learn some new words everyday, you will be surprised and happy to see your progress after a month. The progress will surely motivate you to keep using this learning method.

Use flashcards

Using flashcards is a common way to learn new words. You maybe know that you can buy flashcards from bookshops. Some learners find it easier to learn new words with flashcards. You should give a try too.

Set a target

Set a target that is achievable and realistic. Whatever happens, try to achieve your target at any cost.

Look up new words

Have you found a new word? Get in the habit of looking up words you do not know and immediately do this. If you leave it for later, you may completely forget about it and miss the chance to learn it. A quick way is to look the words in the dictionary installed or available in your smartphone. Another alternative is — look up the word on a search engine like Google.com and you will find the meaning of your desired word in several high quality websites.

Play some word games

If you search online, you can find several word learning games. Some of these games are developed in such a fun and entertaining way that you will not get bored even if you use them hours after hours. These games are not hard to find out. Vocabulary learners usually learn using crossword puzzles, anagrams, word jumble, Scrabble, and Boggle. You can try one of them or all of them.

Use your newly learned words

Take a piece of paper and make one or more sentences for every word you just learned. This way every word will be more memorable. It can take some time but it definitely has its benefits.

Engage in conversations

When you engage in conversation, use your newly learned vocabulary. It can be interesting because the other person will be surprised to see your improved vocabulary power / skills. Besides, you will be able to express / communicate in a better way.

Take vocabulary tests

There are several websites that give you free access to their website so that you can test your vocabulary. This website also helps you to test your SAT vocabulary, GRE vocabulary, IELTS vocabulary, TOEFL vocabulary, ACT vocabulary, TOEIC vocabulary, GMAT vocabulary, PTE vocabulary, ECPE vocabulary, MELAB vocabulary, MCAT vocabulary, and PCAT vocabulary.